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Full text of "Historical homes, buildings and sites in East Bridgewater as surveyed, photographed and recorded by the East Bridgewater Historical Commission and filed with the Massachusetts Historical Commission beginning 1975"

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HISTORICAL 

Homes , Buildings and Sites 



in 



EAST BRIDGEWATER 



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Surveyed, photographed and recorded 
by the East 'Bridgewater Historical 
Commission and filed with the 
^Massachusetts Historical Commission 

beginning 

1973 








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FORM B - BUIL DING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office 01 the Secretary, State House, Boston 



In Area no. 



Form no. 




cT^P^ 



1 Town 6A sf gfapg-eiwrrg-R 

Address W? CftgXCgMT ST. 



v am pg|^roK/CUt<K ^ EkSCA HATHA* * 

Present use ^AR,M 



(over) 



Present o vv ne r S F / V A K Ffl R M^ 
Date 6ui// /*> / 7 ?^ 7 

-__— ; * , . 

Source PLSfHOOlH Co . ftfg, ^ p »gyfeS 

Style . 

Architect 



Exterior wall fabric 



Wtf>o"p 



Outbuildings (describe) pflflpip>|fTrfr BAttAf 
Other features 



Altered 



Date 



Moved 



Date 



5. Lot size- 
One acre or less 



Over one acre 



-N 



Approximate frontage £L*j'0& ^TJZ. * y 

Approximate distance of building from street £ , 

I 



60 f-t ■ 



6. Recorded by Fg/WtC N . Ht>UgHT»l< 



s 



Organization CAtT ^ g.1 frgg*W A rgT 2 - 

*ff£T&«.ICAC CiMM. 
Date bft, /«r ; /<|7^ 

3-£ 



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7. Original owner (if known) C*/>/ 5"/M6^A/ C^UftTl £" QUilt fltS h<></ft 
Original use ffOMg: AjOt> FflftM 







Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 

Religion 

Science/ 

invention 
Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 




9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

TMe VRFSCW &VJNEAS Boo<S+iT IrtlS YkoVEKT^ F&c*4 

^vrwfK *Br«,NO± ,r F*o^ Ro^olt w /A / 5 ^ _-ta-. (the 
Vosr** VmcuJw Wx* By txret> wk.ck fie^e^^ To rH€ 
FieoP«.-ry As B&N<±"ft*Mmy cc€vr,e*w Ho^ahaWAv*? 

AMP ALSo A3 "eeiHG- -rf+r HoMftr^P &UIL&N&S A»l> A 

^Me*AJ co«-r.s D,rl> ;m ,« 7/ ,kd r^P^ ?e , 7y 'p, sseb ' 



10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc. ) 



_^ 



Ta^M MAPS., \2*? ( (c>0- ef . c 

76-7 •• /oT; (t>3 




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KSKn !__»____ J»_| 

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£BLm Enra $& ______ 



FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
^ Office of the Secretary, State House. Boston 

_■ /; 




In Area no. 



Form no. 



wti Ka.st TSridgewater 



dr e s s 72^ Crescent St. 



mc Mar k Phillip s, Jr. Ho mestead 



4. Map. Draw sketch of building location 
in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 




*<r-?_if 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MIIC Photo no. 



(over) 



ssent use Fome and veterinary clinic 



bsent owner George h Marion ^opd 
Bcription: 



e April, ,25 1 lW (raised) 



William Allen' y Chronology 
Source pi y Co Deed 78; 26 ?; family his t or: 

He Originally center chimney Care: fro n t 
gable converted to Greek Revival. 
Architect Unknown , but artful. o n _-eix>de! i >\ 

Exterior wall fabric Wood clapboa rds 

Outbuildings (describe) Lar ge barn, post a nd 

beam construction. 
Other features Foiiae raised (or rebuilt?) or 
2» higher foundation; porch carved out of 
original front room. 



Altered Greek Revival Date 1822-183? ? 

(Aunt Mercy died 1831) 
Moved tj Date_ 



5. Lot size: 



One acre or less 



Over one acre 10 



Approximate frontage 276* 



Approximate distance of building from street 

1BJ 

Researched by George and Marion V.'ood 

6. Recorded b y Joan. S. Leland 



Organization East Bridgewater Hiat Com.m 
Date May 21 , 1Q8„ 



3M 



?0»_.-73-Ci75Q74 



7. Original owner (if known) Mark Phillips , Jr. , yeoman 
Original use Farmhouse 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates Possibly as summer home at turn of 1900*3 
8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

Phillipses were typical "yeomen" active in the life of the community only 

in the way of keeping roads, etc, in their turn. They ran a saw mill on 

Black Brook as of 18U8. 
10. Architectural significance: this house is a perfect example of hidden histcry. 

Wadsworth Phillips (born 1800, married 1823, died 1882) apparently was 

affluent enough and up-and-coming enough to want a house in the current 

style and, again only apparently', went to the trouble of assuring proper 

proportion for his Greek Revival front by installing 2' of pin-split 

granite blocks on top of his fieldstone foundation. The house today looks 

for all the world as if it were built in the mid-1800' s^ including roof 

pitch and chimney location. (I think it is a major remodelling. If not, 

someone else will have to verify what it is. - jsl) 



^Someone should look this over with an experienced historical eye to see 
if maybe the present house is a second one on the foundation. However, 
there seem to be no signs of a fire; \ I the house was too young to have 
been torn down just for vanity f and it was owned, by the same family well 
past the Greek Revival trend , so it is unlikely that one house was moved 
off the foundation and another built. 

Add. - 5/23/8U - William Allen 1 s Chronology carefully checked for record 
of a fire, which seems to have been a specialty during one period of 
Allen»3 record-keeping. Many fires, both major and minor, reported. 
None on this property. 



10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps , etc . ) 

Plymouth County Deeds 78:262, 1^2:273. 

Shell's History of Bridgewater 
U.k Census, 1790 

Maps of East Bridgewater 1829, I8I48, 18^7, 1879, 1903. 
William Allen 1 3 Chronological Tables, 1685-1893 




3-5 



3/73 






NhHRV 

■15383 talfHa 



Revised 



FORM B - BUILDING 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

^WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 





Show property's ioca^W!F^WH!ation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 



ijjjH* 



Edna L. Whitmore, Sept 



. 19, i 



979 



Recorded by Revlsed. Joan S. Leland, Aug., 198U 
Organization East Bridgewater Hist Coram 
Date August 20, 1981* 



Town East Bridgewater 



Address 65 Cross Street 



Historic Name_ David _^ own 



Use: Present Home fPatrick and Virgin!* 

Duggan) 

Original TVo-fatr rfly homft for r«nt 

to millworkers. 
DESCRIPTION: 



Date r , ifthO 



Ply Co Deed 195:1975 
Source EB Tax Records 1838-18U8 

Style Duplex Millworkers ■ Cottage 
Architect Unknown 




Exterior wall fabric maphnarria 
Outbuildings Two, for livestock. 



Major alterations (/with dates) 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreage 



\ acre 



Setting A little distance from a group 
of similar houses. Hidden by shrubbery , 
but very near street. 



(Staple additional sheets here) 




3~6> 



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ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

Low cape-style cottage with four chimneys and an ell at each end* 
Double front entrance. This may be the first of several dwellings 
built to accommodate the families of millworkers within walking distance of 
the Keith Iron Company, which operated at the site on West Union Street from 
1835 to 181*2 (when it continued as the East Bridgewater Iron Company)* 



"1 



HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 



The contributions of individual iron workers have melted into the 
historical stream as the ore melted into the metal: undistinguishable but 
nontheless essential* 

David Brown, described variously as "farmer" and "yeoman," held 
a substantial spread of farmland in the north part of town, yet seems to have 
been interested in advancing his fortune with such enterprises as this little 
rental property* His middle son, James, a party to several legal disagreements 
<$Ver this house after his father 1 s death, was involved in a number of 
imaginative, if not successful, industrial enterprises in the town* His name 
is attached to two or three other millworkers 1 houses in the neighborhood* 
(Furthur details on James Brown will be found in the survey report for the 
Brown family homestead, 6£3 Harvard Street, yet torbe completed* ) 

All owners until 1939 apparently rented to others* Since that time it has 
been a single-family dwelling occupiediby the owners* 




DEED SUMMARY 

Keith Ironworks (land) 1939 Eleuterio and Philomena Battista 

1839 David Brown (land only) 195:197 1962 David and Irene Swartz 2982:1*72 

186U-1886 Several transfers 1970 Patrick and Virginia Duggan 3602:399 

1886-1832 John W. Whiting, then Abby Whiting 
BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

Plymouth County Deeds as cited above* Probate Docket No* 17128 0*S* 
East Bridgewater Tax Records, 1838-18U8 
Maps of East Bridgewater, 1829, 18U8, 1879 
Vital Records of East Bridgewater, to 18£0 



-1 



10M - 7/82 




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WHICH TWIN HAD THE RAMSDELLS? 

A comparison of the following chronologies shows that the Ramsdell family was 
located in two houses on Washington Street, numbers ul8 and l*2!^J*4hat for a time 
David Brown, husband of Mary Ramsdell, owned both the house which he had built to 
rent on Cross Street (65) and the house on Washington Street (1*18) which Mary had 
inherited from her father, Joseph Ramsdell} in 1830. 



L~ 



Ul8 Washington Street 



Source 

Map of EB, 1829 

Deed, 267:103 

Map of EB, 181*8 
n n n m 



n 



Deed? 



Ply Co Map, 1857 
EB Town Report, 1958 



1829 Two houses (no names) shown at Ul8 and U2U Washington St* 

1830 North half of Joseph Ramsdell* 8 house conveyed to "Mary 

Ramsdell, single woman," recorded 1855* 
181*8 Map shows "D .Brown" at cor Pine and Harvard 

"M. Ramsdell" at 1*18 Washington 
"J. Ramsdell* at 1*21* Washington (Mary's brother) 
1855 South half of house at 1*18 conveyed to Mary Ramsdell? 
1857 Two Washington Street houses show ,r M. Ramsdell* 1 and 

"J. Ramsdell," as in 181*8. 
1857 Mary Ramsdell married to David Brown, his third wife (all 
Ramsdell sisters )j her property automatically then his. 
1863 David Brown died owning rl Dwelling house $600 

his homestead jl Barn 200 

<*2 Outbuildings 1*0 

(139 Washington} 1 Dwelling house - Hersey place 520 

1 Barn 120 

1 Dwelling house Rolling Mill 580 

1 Dwelling house Ramsdell place 1*20 EB Tax Records, 1863 
1861; Brown's homestead and the Ramsdell house "put to Mary Brown." EB Tax Records, 1861; 
1872 Mary Brown, "widow," sells to Abby Hatch property described 

as follows: "one third of an acre situated in East Bridgewater 

... with the buildings thereon standing, bounded as follows, 

beginning at the road leading from East Bridgewater to 

Abington • • • the above described land being the same that 

was formerly owned and occupied by Joseph Ramsdell deceased! 

CThis was Mary's father ] her brother lived until 18900 Deed 125*66, 1872 

65 Cross Street 



1829 
1839 



1818 
1855 

1863 
1861* 



Neither street nor, buildings show where Cross Street now is. Map of EB, 181*8 
David Brown purchased land from the Iron Works i for "the sum of 

twenty dollars. • • a certain piece of land. • • near the 

Rolling Mill of said Company, bounded as follows vis. 

beginning at the Pond a corner of Thomas White's land; thence 

• • • North sixty degrees East seven rods to the road, thence 

. . • by the road. • • thence to the edge of the pond. • • 

containing one quarter otf an aore. . • " Deed 195*197* 1839 

Single building with no name shown halfway down the west 

side of Cross Street. ("D. Brown" at cor Pine and Harvard.) Map of EB, 181*8 
Aaron Hobart gave mortgage to David Brown for several parcels 

of property, inculding (parcel 1) •/building on the Westerly 

side of the road from the Iron Works to the Schoolhouse near 

Scott Keith's." Deed 269:173, 1855 

David Brown died owning "house at the Roling mill, built for 

two families and renting well* 1 on \ acre of land. 



N 



Josiah Eastman acquired all property described in the 
1855 mortgage deed, including the first parcel. 



Probate No.17128 O.S 
EB Tax Records, 1863-61* 



Deed 327:10l*-105 



Confusion arose because both houses were double and both owned at the same time 

by the same person. jsl . 7/81* 



3-8 



r BV 









FORM B - BUILDING 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

29^TASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 






SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 

Oi 




Recorded by Edi*^, L. Vi/^1 Kmr& 
Organization £ /R j-| ,' sT* /?«, w rv^i* s>? j /r^ 
Date FekruAVM/ 3. I 4 f-*~ 



Town East fo r\dnt WCifcx- 
Address ££ Bcx'&t .S4rggt 
Historic Name /^'ss T^eriUcu Palv\C* 
f?obert c \^ J)e.ho>rgk MVj 

Use: Present H~c r Vn e, 



Original J-J. m e 



DESCRIPTION: 
' Date C [±q£ 



Source ^Coymily ky\n\hl\*cia^ 
st y le Ce&LQJL 



Architect 



Exterior wall fabric CAcL, n bo glXxJS 



f 



Outbuildings^ 



Major alterations (with dates) 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreage Q Y) ^ 



Setting A\oY\q CX •fvgg- l/y06c( 






f 



\jac^<C 






(Staple additional sheets here) 



3-<7 



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ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 









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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

T/jo^W-^y CP+ls Patnej ^r^/h;5^e^ erf- i~kl N *W dl\vy-cAj V\ C 

*lso a poet; scholar 0^4 SQu/ptori £k& w<la 0^ 
ga^+ecV^ \Art-U - r **4. Icccfyj yvhox^e, lift 14*24 s« e*d~ 

The h#us^ wcu* l*£+ +v fros«cJiz cu»d LucjU fiouscf 
h*. wcla Ue r qr**«i-uepUtw- Emery. loud a .HZh 



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BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date 

rc^nd e»*« A I So Mr*, ^aW Bi;>a^ i&hjt&t* 



/b* 3 

publisher) 



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DRM B - BUILDING 



^SSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
^'LJjTASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 



'Vtf 





# 



A 



* 



*> I 



IKETCH MAP 
Show property* s location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 




Recorded b y Edrua L* \AAr\\~hsn oj** 
Organizatio n g '»& H ;^7 /lg rr\ kwi'gj 1 4> > 
Date F*l>.^. J 4<P* 



Town Eq<at~ Rnd^ewafev- 

Address 6 7 B g^T ^Jre^f 
Historic Name kabb 'Vratt 

Use : Present (-/-p-rv> &/ 






Original hhnsv\ & 



DESCRIPTION: 



Date 1 &-q *+ 



Source ft^,* & rS 



Style Dun ley — Sfciy. couust a£ 
Architect 



Outbuildings 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreag e &jj g, 



\ 



i 



Exterior wall fabric £ lap b trnrd'? 



Major alterations (with dates) 



Settin g /Jr, g -/-yc<?~ A' h*d stradh 

New aiLeiU hous^ 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



3-11 



5 

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ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

7^li^> hooSX* 5£<J^nS -/-g foe, &~n<j. cr£_ &_ kx'vsd.) .. CU 

cul vnost fvV2) — shix~te$_. „jbi.e, rov^f 1 slcj^-hiyig -h 

H>* m **ri,*£ -vti.H '..fwd Sv»«/! sU*4 *\t£h 
•Ht. fir<™rt , itjtfc±d built a4 



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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 



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rrarft h^ooc^Ut -h-cr^ Europe Th^ v)ty~f~ ow*^ 4- 
-hit- house. Vycl* fy.'*s ^*L\Jr&cL Palv\l( KIh^ dLoor) W^ o 
le-A-f-l-h V^ ..7^?g Z^eyi/ &ku rcM a^&U W) <Xt^ |^66cly ._ 

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vvtv) Ste-fer^-r) X)ave^ip^r^ * "77?^ 3^7^ ^u^ hou^kf- tit- 

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 
■A"*m p^ojoU Vy^D kwViA/ M'Ss Vrcrtt WtX[. Cl^o(_^ -" 



3>-\JL 




10M - 7/ 



ym B - BUILDING 



1SSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
H^LSHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 






i 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 





Recorded b y £dv*fl L* \Am* ~h<v\ or e 
Organizatio n £*T3. /f/sfc (JayiMi'.SSSoti 
Dat e PebnU4,x~y JCL 1 4 ?<? 



Town g/isf 'Rrtdijfi nA/atcir 

Address j>7 g^gj £&*&. 

Historic Name £g\\A/ Qt r<?l K i V\Q VA a V\ 



Pober-t *>y LikldLg 



o>/f*MC 5C7V) 



Use: Present /-f<rr^ fl 



Original H-(rr*\g, 



DESCRIPTION: 
Date ql , / 1r£~t> « 



Source frgfVrPtOilfc^ -f^rtrm MiaS 
Style Sidg, fcvaii ^ottciOO 

Architect 

Exterior wall fabric VUoo<i 

Outbuildings Small ^nae^ &l/)Q/o 

Major alterations (with dates) ^ if P*jq 



i 



Moved 



Date 



Appro*, acreage Le^3 t(a ql^\ ClCV& 
Settin g [^ p. oroun nfi f"/i>qg, 

dothxo fi <v* Cor ft &y \<sh Tvnc&s 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



3-13 






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7 



ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

.„_33u.s is a- , i\djL f ^J/^\.--^^^A^ji oy\c - crP mciv^y in 
— £Iy y\ W -£l0l^I-* — As„ .-^^ sWct-, b ua) »Se.&SL^Q>Jtjfc^^&Ae. - i) oi*3£S 

_2±*: fefifc. Awns* rfti.. ISrid&^xjucfruO llvx^io fit. Wt*+ v 

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

cm rhtniLs /*-?$- w\*p. (Xy* -He IW7 am** He. Incu^^ /s ^ 

t'-3t~6*L~ &-* & *ooa~t <y^nol ^o&. im avj-ju-fkcio V*tf.h (^fe f .' 

V^hjux>o^ *^cl cl; Cs&rjDe^yh*^* lid, Ouv^i lm*^ \o>u^s a £ U™ 

£a/yyi r ly U'l/^W hera cl l<rna ±*yrfi>,Hg, WCt^ fe>orYL 71^ Hu^ _ 

br^c Jm /2--VA £VW <^,W /n ;9^¥, Hy /4VY fair} &n*\ 
&en eol.fcfj orcMY\ci da-uah *t*AJ .._.<>■$_.. 'TiyriofAu ....Q-&3 'PattH&s hauoJ^ 

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 
Rjk<UnjcLs CWL rPyo-no ^ Wi eL>ps — - ' . 

'JJ&ts- - M'TSitt* ....Jr« 

/ #"7 3 - h-o^k<Jl( __.. .._ 

ALSp -Prtn^ ^cV //~7¥- 7r X>frr°£faryr- cc^vai 



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3-1^ 



10M - 7/ 



FORM B - BUILDING 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
(20 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad Area(s) 

i 



qo.{ -ooc y 



(J i*As ^H-j Cpi 



Form Number 



Town 



V, 'o^r u,{ a. ' rig w a XL 



Place (neighborhood or village) 




t^rr*- 






4± Can-h S~ku.r 



Uyii^> 



ic Name _ 
IPresent " 1 4 iY)\^ ^ 



hf, StuJ 



r 



Original / 



'■£j2mL 



f Construction P U l_£A L 



, ^ Form §uJjL> /J 4>U- G>>Hiias 

:ect/Builder 



or Material: ' L Ofr h'~ a ' L d$ 
ation ~(A- 0-w^L' L - 



\earest cross streets and/or major natural features. Show all 
buildings between inventoried building and nearest intersec- 
tion or natural feature. Label streets including route numbers, 
if any. Circle and number the inventoried building. Indicate 
north. 



Ll 



Wall/Trim 



Roof y/^///> 



Si &fn H~^L <>( <■ 



£3-4 




t 

Outbuildings/Secondary Structures 

2 d&^ §&>oas \fu 



Major Alterations (with dates) 






Condition. 



-j- MTO 



I 



Recorded by. 



^^Ay i. kiLk 



fy\ fts^ 



Organization £- P l-j jUpf/lC{^L &/P\ hi^4^m 
^^)ate (month/year) CfxA^ff'ty iZ/W^ 



Moved [Tno □ yes Date 

Acreage X&3Q C7] ^h I ^tCAA- 
Setting fiyj the hoC& 



&ViX^ 






/olucf- 



Follaiv Massachusetts Historical Commission Survey Manual instructions for completing this form.. 



BUILDING FORM 



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M£HTTECTURAL DESCRIPTION □ see continuation sheet 

;ibe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 




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fflSTORICAL NARRATIVE D see continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) 

the owners/ occupants played within the community. t '. / 



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BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES 



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Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Siatcment form. 



1/95 



— TORM B - BUILDING 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 

80 Boylston Street 

Boston, Massachusetts 02116 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad 



Photograph 



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buildings between invmtorie^uuavn^ffu^f^^ 
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if any. Circle and number the inventoried building. Indicate 
north. * x 




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BUILDING FORM 



<sr-<«» 



ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION □ see continuation sheet 

Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 

dkar? ///?<?*> &f?4 /$ g>tf t?ar?c *?<?/ /?y # y?Ar&f> 
U>//t? /f*//ar?af& £ra<?4efjr r a <y<*6/^ raof us//% 

*/fo ^//t 4i>u**s M rfeJr off je,&*. 

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE □ see continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) 

the owners/occupants played within the community. 

7y?<? d&s *f- e*4s/ritcfr01 £*uU <Jzz /&te~ *s //W&4 

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tf&.t/enry /J/^fe&r /far xxrfces */rf& toft"*'- 

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES □ see continuation sheet 



D Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Statement form. 



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INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Town Property Address 

Massachusetts Historical Commission ^/gr/^^ g ^ r — /^^/<ft 
J^ssachusetts Archives Building , Area ( s) FormNa 

nft Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 

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FORM B - BUILDING 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad 



Massachusetts Historical Commission 
80 Boylston Street 
^Boston, Massachusetts 02116 



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earest cross streets and/or major natural features. Show all 
buildings between inventoried building and nearest intersec- 
tion or natural feature. Label streets including route numbers, 
if any. Circle and number the inventoried building. Indicate 

north. \fi. s^< 

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BUILDING FORM 



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ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION □ see continuation sheet 

Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 




HISTORICAL NARRATIVE □ see continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain dts associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) 

the owners/occupants played within the community. /) „ *n? , -/, / 




BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES □ see continuation sheet 










D Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Statement form. 



3-2-^ 



7/92 



I 









FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

294 WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 







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SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 




Recorded by U(j^*. L> Win/ W*n>rf>. 
Organization If, B . hits h ^>v> i/WS S irr ^ 
Date fa. g, 19W 



Town gq5L Bh/dq&w/dtcir 

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DESCRIPTION: 
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Style S'i d g - g^fra^y:g- CoW-a^ 



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Architect 



Exterior wall fabric Cla.oboat-ds 



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Major alterations (with dates) Itfpl 

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Approx. acreage 6~toe 



Setting h ^ ran / ,>4 H>r-e<>j 
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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

this Wcla tHJ^ locrme. a £ V h'i I cuvd &u pt-ath O^j V1/.5 

/2-?3 V 1*~7 9> The *f*t roll *-p j&W I i%*hs h/rn &s a^ 
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BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 
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form e - Burial grounds i. 

massachusetts historical commission 

Office of the Secretary, State Hous^r-Boston 
Religious' affiliatio n nr ,no 



Town EAST BRIDGEWATER, Massachusetts 

Location F <ast - . strppt , El mwood 

Name Elmwood Ompf.ery (formerly Joppa) 



G^^ r Elmwood Cemetery Association (lot owne rs ) 
Who has further information about burial ground? 

Rprr>rHg nf .Sep.-Treas- T..R. Flagg 

(Address) 718 Bedford St. Elmwood, 02337 

What type information: lot plans inscriptions 
gravestone descriptions other 

Tnt- p1 ang ; rornrdx nf burials, etc.. 



Condition: Well kept up yes 
(if neglected, explain how) 



Neglected 



Mowed regularly, fallen stones restored T 
roads re-surfaced as needed. 



Approx. number gravestones 

1200 burials 
Earliest death date 1806 ( RP . P explanation) 



Most recent death date July 20,1986 



2. HISTORY OF BURIAL GROUND 






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3. MONUMENTS-Overall condition: upright fallen (approx. no.) 3 or 4 



inscription legibility 
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ELMWOOD CEMETERY (originally JOPPA CFJiETERY) 

The following citizens and voters of the town of East Bridgewater petitioned 

4 to be made a Corporation under Chapter 114 of the Statute of 1841 for the purpose 

of procuring and establishing a new cemetery: Martin Shaw, Geo. Douglas, A. T. Ford. 

Geo. Bryant, L,B. Parker, Bruno Wood, Samuel Shaw, Geo. Mitchell, Levi Noyes,and Levi 

Churchill. 

The petition having been granted, the first meeting of the Corporation was held 
on September 18,1847, at which time the name was Joppa Cemetery because the village 
was then Joppa Village. The name was changed to Elmwood in 1872. 

The ElmwocK^riow^consists of approximately 15 acres, acquired by five deeds: 

1847 from Holmes — one acre 

1856 from Mitchell -132 rods 

1861 from Mitchell-one acre 

1891 from Mitchell -about 5 acres 

1931 from Shaw-7^ acres-gift of Allen B. Shaw 
At a town meeting on October 18, 1940, it was voted to accept the "Shaw Annex" 
for burial purposes. 

The first section (1847) consisted of 54 lots including a "carriage way" 20 ft. 
wide, and walks between lots of 6' wide north and south, and 4' wide east and 
west. Each lot was 20' by 25' and at that time (before the use of vaults) would 
accom -modate 14 burials. 

The oldest^urial date recorded on a monument in the cemetery is that of Joseph 
Winslow ( 1760-1806). However, since the cemetery was not incorporated or land 
bought until 1847, it is apparent that his name and that of his wife, Susanna, were 
inscribed on the stone as a record. Before.the, cemetery was officially opened, the 
0k following burials are recorded: 1 844 - Andr ew^Jl %Q$ -Nathan Knapp; 1846-Esther Conant, 
Mary Hudson, Sarah Reed, Howard Davis; 1847-Abby Shaw. 

There are now 316 lots in the cemetery and approximately 1250 burials and 350 mon- 
uments.,- this is counting the upright marble slabs on the old lots. 

In 1916, the Alfred G. Monroe Post and its Auxiliaries were granted the use of the 
area between East Street and the first row of lots, containing 400 sq. ft., for 
memorial purposes only. On Memorial Day each year services are held at this location 
by the American Legion. Each year about 120 flags are placed on the graves of veterans 
and special services are held at the graves of the two service men who were awarded 
the CongressionalMedal of Honor. 

On October 14, 1920, permission was granted to the Elmwood Fire Company to usqbbout 
2500 sq. ft. extending around a large boulder on a rise on the northwest frontsection 
of the cemetery for memorial purposes. A token charge of $1.00 per year was charged. 
Until the merging of the Elmwood Company with the East Bridgewater Fire Company after 
the building of the new fire station, memotial services were held each year for former 
members of the Elmwood Fire Company. 

There are two " pauper 11 lots in the cemetery— one has 14 burials and the other 5. 
These date back to about 1870 and their care is paid annually by the Iown ot bast 
Bridgewater. 



Of special note: 



Henry Bird-oldest Civil War veteran-died September 10, 1950 

aged 97 years -11 months and 12 days 
Timothy Otis Paine-minister, poet, Egyptologist, professor 

William Henry Osborne-Congressional Medal of Honor, judge 

Gordon Craig-Congressional Medal of Honor 

M. Clifton Ed son -Musician, band leader, trumpeter 



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EAST BRIDGEWATER HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



EAST BRIDGEWATER, MASSACHUSETTS 02333 



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ELMWOOD CEMETERY— INSCRIPTIONS 



There are quite a number of interesting inscriptions on grave stones in the 
Elmwood Cemetery but many are old and indecipherable. The following are among tje 
more easily read: 

The flower we nursed with smiles and tears 

The lovely flower whose fragrant breath 

Has cheered us on our way 

But dry thy tears or friendly cares 

The gentle flower is borne 

Where it shall find a purer clime 

And deck a brighter morn for Abby Shaw died 7-22-47 

Aged 17 



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Our dwelling now is lone and drear 
And mournful all the view 
The form that once our hearts did cheer 
No more can cheer us now. 



for Calvin Hayward died 1853 



Friends and physicians could not save 
My mortal body from the grave 
Nor can the grave confine me here 
When Christ shall call me to appear 



Eliza Rollins died 1851 
Aged 27 



A vacant place is in our home 
A loving voice is hushed forever 



Lulie Kingman died 6-11-78 
Aged 12 years 11 mos. 



But Father since it is thy will 
Tnat we must part again 
0, May thy special presence still 
With each of us remain 



Nathan Snell died 1853 



We have found the way to heaven 



1871 



Her life is over, her race is run 

Her days were numbered, her work is done 

Her soul has fled to worlds above 

We trust to rove in fields of love 



Abigail Shaw died 10-2-1862 
Aged 58 years 



3- sisa 



CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS 



A Congressional Medal of Honor is a rare distinction. The only recipients of 
this unusual honor in the town of East Bridgewater are both in the Elmwood 
Cemetery: 

William Henry Osborne received the medal for heroic action at Malvern Hill, 
Virginia on July 1, 1862. He was in the battle of Gaines Mill, June 27,1862; in 
that of Peach Orchard and Savage Station, June 29, 1862; White Oak Swamp Creek 
andCharles City Courthouse Road, June 30, 1862; and in the battle of Malvern Hill, 
July 1, 1962 

' At the last battle, he was struck by a spent musketball in the chest and was 
carried off the field and left for dead. By the efforts of surgeons, however, he 
was restored to consciousness, when he seized the gun of a dead soldier and in the 
darkness found his way to the front and joined the Irish regiment of the brigade. 
He had been in the ranks, however, but a short time when he was struck in the left 
leg by a fragment of a shell and severely wounded... 

Returning home with a most honorable war record, Mr Osborne resumed the pro- 
fession of teachung, taking charge of a school in the village of Elmwood, and in 

1863, he began to read law with the Hon. B.W. Harris of East Bridgewater. He was 
admitted to practice at the Plymouth County Bar at the October term, Superior Court, 

1864. In 1906, he was appointed justice of the Third Plymouth District., and he 
continued in that capacity with dignity and ability until his death which occurred 
on June 5, 1910." 



• 



Gordon Maynard Craig entered the service in 1948 and was awarded the Medal post- 
humously for his action against the enemy near Kasan, Korea, on September 10, 1950. 

" Coporal Craig distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity 
above and beyond the call of duty in action. . .During the attack on a strategicenemy- 
held hill, his company's advance was subjected to intense hostile grenade, morrar, 
and small arms fire. Cpl. Craig and four comrades moved f orward to eliminate an 
enemy machine gun nest that was hampering the company's advance. 

At that instant, an enemy machine gunner hurled a grenade at the advancingmen . 
Without hesitation or attempting to seek cover for himself, Cpl. Craig threw himself 
on the grenade and smothered its burst with his body. His intrepid and selfless act, 
in which he unhesitantly gave his life for his comrades, inspired them to attack 
with such ferocity that they annihalated the enemy machine gun crew, enabling the 
company to continue its attack. Cpl. Craig's noble self-sacrifice reflects the 
highest credit upon himself and upholds the esteemed traditions of the military. 



ft 



One thing can never change-courage. Two gravesites in the Elmwood Cemetery bear 
eloquent testimony to this fact. 



• 



3- 2^, 






FORM F - STRUCTURE 



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MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



In Area no. 



Form no. 



1. Town jEcl 




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i Date /foe^- pre.Asstar'iC-' 

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Subsequent uses (if any) and dates /po p y> 

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norr&tsify — /o' /cr-ny G> ' h ,'£, h j <^*U- J " w/c/e- VA/s o^ig/ & //i esis 
dWhcrOQt &V r>d <r-, ~7h£/S c^\scc a.S we// cc* bwJclwS b<i/cm p /* 
•t^/)t P/e/s A> a &?? c ^ e i~/oc< C^ <ro-o^ o-xm yeurs "fr°'J ^ s 2 ^/* ncc/s 
•'** ^(^ hemtoc/f C^*~oYC~ /6z, r-;//ct&e. e a///t. o~/ £ / /rt rvooot />"^ 
Co-me -fv~u y Casus -/-& r €^a^/ '/-de fDo^^n dsne/ q, 4 /~A 4a> /2Art'3' l ~*~ r > c Z-r 

9. Bibliography and/or references such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records. 
early maps, etc. 

family ni/rW; Em/ BridLa-eivctHx; Se^vot'GesvntVL n n /<>/ \ tnc,/^ 
-f^tr-^n 0-/ct &rrc/oe\^tj/~*s L s//*'S/v-</o.*/ SoOt'e/y, tm 

o-P -Hit £lmyrooc/ Ck^,r-<U, fvo~^ J^-0'0 o„/i/ A/ 3 & €#rrf /h / ^9 J~ /** ^u^< 






$> 



So c3o * G e.r- y cc § c4rrz> l Qsjs^ jl- 5 Cs<j /a? rv~u ' ^ /+■*-** " ^a/a-i^f<y^,^ 

^>y)/€- brut jo +*&/ i'&b eel bvfiSc^/i A €- yfjs^^n <'n /p6~2^. y r his\ < L /^€>i€_ ^2. 



/^r>)*/ 



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tMtumJQ 



lit 



ORR B - BUILDING 



\S3ACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
^ WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 

X *T V i ( l 





SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 




SJnjMtaC 



Title search by Frank Houghton. 
Recorded by Joan S. Leland 

Organization East Bridgewater Hist Comm 
Date AuRU3t 20 , 198U 



jtfn East 3ridgewater 



dress 2h Eaat St. (m.-mod) 

storic Name Samuel B. Allen Homestead 



e: Present Home fJohn and Priscilla 

Wheatley) {o#*<d 

Original F am i ly h ome (and boarding 
home for tailoring apprentices) 
DESCRIPTION: (Samuel B. Allen) 



te I81i2 



Source William Allan* a flhrnnolnginal 

Tables 
Style Eclectic (Federal orientation and 
layout with Greek Revival features.) 
Architect unknown, but there must have 

been one. 
Exterior wall fabric Wood clapboards 



Outbuildings Barn, agpai^atly built after 
1879, restored 1965. 



Major alterations (with dates ) Adrii tinna 
to rear of house made after 1879. Porch 
added to east end of house c. 195>0. 
Front door into ell removed and large 
front window added I960* a. 



Moved 



No 



Date 



Approx. acreage 3 



Setting Spacious background of fields anjd 1/5 
woods; large maples along quiet street. ^\ 
Other buildings , possibly of t he same 
builder, next door and across the street. 
(See MHC survey reports for 718 and 736 
Bedford Street*) 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



HISTOWOALBOOM 



<$•** \.lfZ 




M' m 



1 I »';•"•>, 



WES 



(UtiMWK 












ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

Federal style in shape, size and orientation to the street, this building is 
a puzzle with its pedimented gables and stately Greek pouch and balcony columns. 
The two-story ell, apparently original, has a large kitchen- type fireplace, while 
the main house has one front and one end chimney with smaller formal fireplaces. 
The tiny back stairs in the ell reflect the early use of the house as a home for 
both the family and the young women apprentices of the builder, who can be 
visualized as following there the same lively pursuits as their contemporaries in 
Lowell. The builder, Samuel B. Allen, was a tailor and practicted his craft in ( 

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 



i 



see next 
sheet) 



Samuel Baldwin Allen (I80u?-I871) was the brother of local chronicler William 
Allen. He was active in the life of the village and is recorded as an early member 
of the Lyceum (incorporated 1831) which later became the Elmwood Church of the New 
Jerusalem (Swedefcorgian). After his death, his wife Betsey used his shop for her 
millinery business. Their son, George B. Allen, who succeeded them in the house, 
was in I87U a clerk at the Carver Cotton Gin Co. His name is among those listed as 
founders of the social library in Elmwood and later as a public library trustee. 

Mr. John LeGro died after living in the house for many years, and his family 
kept it as their home. Mrs. LeGro remarried and her husband, Wilder Varney, had one 
end of the house for an antique shop for many year3. 

Since I960 Attorney John Clark Wheatley and his wife Priscilla have contributed 
to the life of the town in many ways, notably in the restoration of this lovely homec 
Mr. Wheatley has served numerous years on town boards, particularly on the Planning 
Board, where his light-hearted objectivity has lent balance to many a serious 
discussion. 

DEED SUMMARI 

Allen family, 181*2-1905, Deeds 18U0 and Bk92l*:l*57 ', 190$ • 
LeGro family, 1905-1961, Deeds 92UsU57 and 2865:209. 
Wheatley family, 1961- , Deed 2865:209. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

Plymouth County Deeds as cited above, and others; Plymouth County Probate. 

William Allen's Chronological Tables, 181*2. 

Mary Keith Scrapbook, East Bridgewater Public Library. 

Grave Records, Central Cemetery, East Bridgewater. 

Records of the Elmwood Church of the New Jerusalem. 

Oral sources: Mrs. Edna Whitmore, Mrs. Elizabeth LeGro Keith, Mrs. Lucille Flagg. 




a 



uj^<u-s 



\HY? R-aU-4 Owl \6w«~ Ke^5ir^ 



.* 









10M - 7/82 



21* ?ast Street (cont.) 



Architectural Significance (cont.) 

another large house, now gone, on the corner in rlnvood, the tailor's 3hop was in 
the rear, and the reet of the house rented aa apart.onti. (^ee photos in the I es\er 
B. Shaw collection in the public library). 

The layout of the first floor as used by the John Le^ro family is described 
by a daughter aS comprising the library running the full width of the we^ end the 
parlor to the right of the front door, the dining roo* in the ell r^h^ , ' f 
front door and its huge fireplace), a 'bedroom and the kUchen to the^rear. K 

asVchi^ r r° m 2! "*•"""«*•" *™ Wh^re, who played with IJT^ro glrL 
as a child, remembers a large collection of rocks and minerals in the library which 
one was allowed to finger on rare occasions. J-i^ary which 

The extensive changes madein the house since I960 can only be classified a<* 
l£££° ^ h Sti r • K Th8 ■7 h "~*™l ^tegrity of the hoT^ ™ been 
hSn^: ? w! !^3\ hcra ° f abunda ^ livi "€ Persists inside and out as it must 
have done in both the Allen and the LeCro years. The house is a focal point in the 
reflection of nineteenth century lifestyle still so clear in this crossr^aL vJl^ge. 






L 



1« 



■ 1 'JiHlOlfl'Svu 

BwWI^MM9KBSAnUBnUn 



H 



png 

I 



FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



In Area no. 



Form no. 



m^A 




1. Town EAST BM/DO^^/ATe^ j /U4&- 
Address 35 f AS r ST, f/MWOOQ 

Nam e coz, m/to</£zl /tovse 

Present use 0h/&£-/<Y<r 



Present owner Ffijtf/r 7K 6>/?t/ M//?/4M tf 
3. Description: 



Map. Draw sketch of building location 
in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 

N 






WEST ST. 



EAST ST. 



o 

Q 



fTOVCrf/rOAf 

Date O&fr/A/Al 6£0&. STrfMQ/A/Q /77S 
Source /%/MOQr# CO. /ZF6 .Q^O&V J 

™<? prog Are #ec or os 

Style £ r /&#T'£'&A/r// Cf/VA^/^ 

Architect Q>/VA^A/QWA/ 

Exterior wall fabric I VOQQ Cl/tf°8M/?D S 
Outbuildings (describe) 34 ft A/- Cn4A/}(j~e~ 
Other features £YT&VS/l/6' QA/ZQFA/S 

end So>/H/vie/? s/oqsg- 



if oust /te/stro + 

Altered to we/? S7Q/iy *t>0&0 Date A&OOT /<?/<£. 



D 



Moved 



Date 



□ 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less 



Over one acre 



^ 



Approximate frontage c36>D FFST 



DO N 
USGS 


ot warn; 

Quadrat) i 


IN 


THIS SPACE 








MHC 


Photo no. 











Approximate distance of building from street 

30 F fsr 

6. Recorded by /?/C//*4Q f? BjtfT^frr' 



Organization £./?/e/0&£ U/AT&# rfSfOf/ttl 

GoA^/yi/SS/ * 0/v 
P a te /Jtfy /% /? 



(over) 



5^0 



ImAr 



HE— 



m 



¥ 






ki^twt*. > 






/ r , >--/*„/ 6?^ p^ /9/9 _ /# 

-f^*~ c^^uj. U^U^ 



^t--v-j 



3- : 3 &LW / 



<r 







y 



^rf^J^U; ^#)/^W^ 




/7r/ 




VVcto 






v lo b 



^Z^ Q^tZ^L- 









*B8 



£*& 



as e*,* st. 



y 



7. Original owner (if known) C QL . EDWARD MITCH EL L 



Original use A&£/?A £Q TO ASA FARM ttf FA/iLr £&*2>S 

Subsequent uses (if any) and dates AS A /-/OAJF VP 7U AHQ /HCt.oO//V r 6 P/ieffNT 

8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



J£ 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/, 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

COL.MlTCHeiL GAIse ' T ToH/ SSOAZ CaS///wCr- M/rG?&£ FOR. CM?/J77H4S 

fr/S DrtVCrtfreAf /90S-/9/7. Mol JO/V£S /<?/?- /<?ez, I/AASOUS 
OW/ve/?5 /?ZZ- /?jy. 7^4A/fi a^c/ /Yi//?/AM //evfr-tf TOM /<?5Y- /*#&£A/r 

C o K e v\ > \\c\ z$ . 

(jjhen Coh&n ocoh-e^ Hit. hous-e^ } Hne lJ h^r n bwlitd 
A 



*a as 



Oldest house "tfr'pay'Hj summer vilfors , 



10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records. 
• early maps, etc. ) 

Piy/tjovrf/ counts /?e&/sr/?y or £><r£-ps a#£ p*08atc 



-> \ 



3/73 



FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

2 Q* WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 





i fz. cf^st TjVv 'do CLK AJntzt- 
•ess /i&- £/m- Si-mrf" 



:ori 



ic Name &x*ry?So» U/C&h bulr\^ 

n £ ^<s 3. la vyjfij; 4 J), s * q a. Loo <*Z- 



Present /j-zr-yTnas 



Original J-Hr™, 



ASCRIPTION: 



/J£2*L 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection, */ 
Indicate north. *L 



Source V\/;/1\cl**\ AU*sy\ n_^gybfeg 

Style J-j $h>rys Colonial 

Architect 




Exterior wall f ab r i c \J [ \^ v \ g»\d \ v& 



'£- 



Outbuildings Jghr\ down 



Major alterations (with dates) 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreage /"e 



UUL 




Recorded by tidno L* W ni~hhnor& 
Organizatio n £^ B, HlsJrflom km. 
Date J a ,muftY>v A fr^ J 9 & *7 



Setting Oun ^ Jr*^ jjyuLt/L 



V^oui 



7 



eus&s, 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



3-37L 






£8HU*% 



IS 
5 









ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 






&-*£- o-fi- /*<£, i^a t -3 i. S-frvry ho< 






HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

<L-'/<P/n hsht * 4 Object if- a^hl) /<P<5>Oj <*C(S0-Te1 } nfe Jv pctpXAS 

h*v*± ~» P/UJ l^ln ^^L Mrs. fte.; H* lived ^<^ t^c^u 



^'^ "»«^*J A^ra^n^ ^U^^U, cu^l £^y„cL Jeye^ 
Ra-(^n*su ^oWv\^cn^ fc^rr^lyj Gnu^^ Cv^A. /W)jb"Ho€e l/^m kj K n /' . 
lafe U.e&rS 7^£ hduS>(L U<z& triad -&or- &-pcuri-^n>&*n Af , "7*J«- prcs^oi* 
OvuY><v~i,<J<*~r7De£ c^n^ct ^Dlcu^z l~o"pe>- koueJni- ^~A<°_ hovZc 3-^ y~&**^**' 

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 
?ap*r?> W 2 *Se*V \A/ahs<m K^i+A— Public Library 

iCl Mr* Ke,*"t4 writes o-p Mrs. S^r-cch Qr u\d U K Yi"y^ h *^% 
!h /P-f-<P- probably 6LS *L -he^nc^n /- o-fi ~hr>L He/l^S. /frs. 

Wel+t* /tree/ /?^6 / 'o-n ^ a^t^ htv kosh ^-^L ^,W. 



( 





c^ 



"hr'b'b 



10M - 11 



FORM B - BUILDING 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
^20 Morrissey Boulevard 
Huston, Massachusetts 02125 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad 


o7-2 ~ *>°oU 


/'Jh'^/rKiA 



Area(s) 



Form Numher 



Town 



P„ 



'/LAl £(Z/D (~£uJ/x !-&/?_ 




Place (neighborhood or village) 



4s<r, /<?£, /><?i^~ A O <r?c/ 



HI £PM -^Tfatfe-r 



Name M/tttc ftci/ioo 6H I/I /// r i n/ .--: 
resent Fs)n?,L>-/ Ho/m? 



riginal 



Construction 



/7<?r 



km / fa, S Tt) t? W fjg^j JZtJC. 1 A (VJ> .'tlm Ur. . 

t/Builder 

Material: //ye-cd 
lion f-r- (kn , Jy; 



*WJdings between inventoried building and nearest intersec- 
tion or natural feature. Label streets including route numbers^ 
if any. Circle and nmnber the inventoried building. Indicate 
north. 



*l 



im dla* hn.trcL J\J, 



«Ult 



■f- 



Roof 6 h » n<j Ifc L 




Outbuildings/Secondary Structures Cn ■.,><. V,<?,-L 



Major Alterations (with dates) Mid. ( &QC'± 

CCilmc-i of Vt-sT X \cc-T ra\%<^cL 1^1% [3Cc r\ 

'■n.^ryf.X (Jois-TS , IV n/:' :/ ,. '\ e A- j 9 fr& 

Condition ve^iA o^odt - 

Moved SJ no □ yes Date 

Acreage k<R,/.3i Sei-cc-.-e. ~£e<iT 



Recorded by r^Ktmf Sr*.4-K 



rne.. 



Organization Jj/?sr B^i qm^m&LuS. nisto.-.ccA Co*-* rr , 
Date (month/year) Ijkj i c fj-<^ 

m 



Setting Kv.v"o,\ ami,, o-£ o\de^r ar>cL n^uvr 

Horned V 1^70'^) Q<ic,i^^X\^ iikS -Qxr »n \cLr .J. 






Folloz: Massachusetts Historical Commission Survey Manual instructions for completing tbisjbrm. 



3-34 



5 



■■■■ 



Rnb 



<^'<L 



BUILDING FORM 



^mffiTECTURAL DESCRIPTION D see continuation sheet 

Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 



\ 



HISTORICAL NARRATIVE D see continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) 

the owners/occupants played within the community. 

Mar \ bocouc,b iOhtTinij Wa% c^ (Se. <jo ( u f.ort Cl-~cv So I dmr <^^.^,ac. To £ > & t«"o^ 
/» MU. H'^ Sen To*** KJfi* «. WSOO ^ Lo l)€**±, ^, fU^'i *,** *- ^ )ec "**" 



a 



1 



^ S^o -S^^>> n 



er- uj 



e*0T~ ~T& (5'"io<T(), 1 , fJZ J.i-/s)e) :S 



:^l,n W. f^^so/l a"? ^ ,hfi '" JJ 



^ CU^ aUo a. &*****+ ',»y ir»»*S*» <£ - <* *~^ & f ^ " « *» ) 



m/vi^. aAci L^cxffer /Vo/znea* — Jzltnh 



ur&T ta-r- 



n\ 



-St>-oo £*-tf~ +ht SicAd. cloor 



y c^o;ocj ib^^-'/jeoiS 0tJ t^ Cjra* if*- 



BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES □ *?e continuation sheet 






1?^csfr^ *"$ Trcba+t -IVc/rrw^h 



D Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Statement form. 



3-35 



1/95 



FORM B - BUILDING 



V\V> 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



1 > 



Cher buildings. Indicate nort 



\ 



/ 



C^S- 



,* sf 




\ 




N|c? Ce^v^L 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MHC Photo no. 



(over) 






In Area no. 



Form no. 




1. Town t^gst BricLa e^a/ 



er 



dress J JQV Elm St 



me 



esent use 



d^bllu< nld eir\ t-tOLLS-e. 



esent owner Mir^ . f) 



nr>t± tZuJ/ j 



scription: 

0/<7 /C/f-c£w 



te 



IIA3- 



v — 



Source J)e.edj^ n /J/ S-/gJL<f 

1] "" I \\'\ 'Mi— II fat"'*' 



terior wall fabric \ f\j ' s ( ) C j \ 



Outbuildings (describe) ( y#.rtLq e- Qmr-J <ft£y 
Other features 



Moved pjp 



T 



Altered f W r „ /zr^/a*a^o/? Date /<?43 ,, , , 
present ou-Huil(U^l>oL<~l1- ^.H*. &(d /Urt*b*>\ 



Date 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less 



Over one acre 



Approximate frontage /Sjty 



S- &• 



OQ 



Approximate distance of building from street s 

J 



<££ 






6. Recorded by 



'"Zfcri^ 




a. 



>y*-rtO 



Organization C. ^A/^zCJL j l %U^j C& 



yyLS>^ -J< 




Y- 



?0M-5-7W)75074 



3-3<* 






7. Original owner (if known) J/^jry^tc^ ^L-^^-Z CUL^>U^, 
Original use b^w>^ ^rLtrm- 



-*-«. 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 



&U>1 



& j2^L*.Q^p 



Jf ^ficry^^_ t 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 

2ZZ 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 

Religion 

Science/ 

invention 
Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

Dolly Alden lived a widow for almost forty years in ftiis house. Her husband, 
Thomas R. Alden, more than likely the builder of the original (kitchen) portion of 
the house, died in 1835 at age **5» leaving Dolly, whom he had married in 1828, 
with four children of his first marriage plus their own one child, Edward, age 7. 
The house was granted to Dolly in the "reversion of her dower," Jan 14 1836. On the 
same day, Thomas Alden 1 s oldest son, Lucius, age 18, bought a part of the estate 
adjoining Dolly's to the north, and Albert H. Dyer bought a third section abutting 
to the north of that. Albert H. Dyer, shoemaker, married Emeline French. They ^^ 
had two sons who both became shoemakers. By 1848 the Dyers had built and were MM 
living in a house on the original portion of land Dyer had bought in 1837 (236 Ellffsl 
There is no earlier record of a ho se there, nor of where the Dyers lived 1837-^8. 

In 185^ Albert H. Dyer sold "my homestead place" and in 1856 bought Dolly 
Alden' s "homestead place" in consideration of her "support and maintenance. . • 
for the rest of my natural life." There was apparently a bond of friendship 
between the next door neighbors strong enough to permit this arrangement; there 
was no apparent blood relationship. (By 1856 Lucius Alden had died, the youngest 
Alden, Dolly's son Edward, had recently married, and traces of the other three 
children had disappeared from local records.) The tax records of 1855 and i860 
suggest that this is the period in which the central and front sections of the house 
were added. 

Sales of other of Thomas R. Alden' s properties and the location of this house 
on the 1829 Map of East Bridgewater leave little doubt that he built this house 
either just prior to his first wife's death in 1827 or by the time he married Dolly. 

10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc. ) 

This being true, Dolly Alden came as a bride to this house, had her only child 1-fl fe 
cared for her four stepchildren in it, was widowed in it, witnessed its enlargement, 
grew old to the point of relinquishing it in exchange for being cared for, and 
finally died in it. This would seem to make 208 Elm Street "The Dolly Alden House." 



3/73 



V31 






MB BKV1 



>A •(•'•' '•-4' : 

SSI En Br* 

Baa* II ra & 



■ ■ , i 



■ 



DATE 



CHRONOLOGY OF TWO HOUSES 
208 and 236 Elm Street 

EVENT 



SOURCE 



(1790?) 

Oct 2k 1798 
1798 
1812 

1813 
Jan 31 1813 

1815 - 1824 
Dec 25 1817 



Thomas Russel Alden, 6. of Isaac 25* b. in EB 

baptized 1800 in East Parish Church EB Vital Statistics 



Ezra Alden m. Abigail Vinton in EB 

"Ezra Alden" shown in house now2j05Elm St. 

Thomas R. Alden of EB certified a member of the 
Union Calvirtistic Society in the South part of 
Abington 



ibid 



Samuel Rogers Map of EB 



Actual certificate* 



Thomas R. Alden of EE m. Jane Allen, d. Matthew EB Vital Statistics 



Ezra Alden 2d (brother of Thomas R.) m. Susan 
Dyer in Abington; several children later born 
there. 

Thomas R. Alden acquires deeds to land in EB 
(also a pew in the East Meeting House for $20) 

Thomas R. and Jane Alden's first child, Lucius, 
born in EB 



Ang 17 1822 Second child, Russell, b. in EB 
Jul 5 1 Q 25 Third child, Allen, b. in EE 



Mar 26 1826 
Apr 19 1826 

Apr 19 1827 
Sep 22 1827 

Sep 21 1827 

May 1828 
1829 



Fourth child, Mary Jane, b. in EB. 

Jane Alden, w. Thomas R., recorded as dying of 
consumption . 

Jane Alden, w. Thomas R., recorded as having 
died. 

Thomas R. Alden of EB deeds (Grove St.) land 
and house to Eliza and Zilpha Palmor, minors; 
deed mentions Jane, and she signed it. 

Thomas R. Alden of EB certified a member of 
the Union Trinitarian Society in East and 
West Bridgewater. 

Thomas R. Alden m. Dorothy (Dolly) Hearsey, 
d. Stephen, in SB 

House appears at the location of the present 

208 Elm St. 



Abin^on Vital Statistics 

Registry of Deeds* 

EB Vital Statistics 

ibid. 

ibid. 

ibid. 

EB Vital Statistics 

Old Cemetery Grave 

Registry of Deeds* 

Actual certificate* °^ 
EB Vital Statistics ^ 




F<=b 23 l829 Thomas P. Alden's fifth child, the first and 

only by Dolly, born in EB 

Mar 12 1835 Thomas R. Alden died. 



EB Map of 1829 



EB Vital Statistics 



ibid. 



-more- 



■ 



rn 



CO 



*Full or partial copies of records on file with 19&3 owners or Joan Leianu 



2>-3S 



po8 


m 


d 7>~*i(\ 


Vim Cf T'oAf ( r*r\"r\ 4" 1 






C~\JKJ oil 

DATE 


Li c. J?>J 


a-j-L 111 Oil CCTI \ con V • y 

EVENT 


2. 

SOURCE 


Jan 


14 


1836 


Dolly Alden granted the reversion of her dower 
in a deed which included "the house thereon 
standing^' She t>aid S3. 25 for it. 


Registry of Deeds' 


ii 


11 


it 


Lucius Alden the highest bidder for a lot of 
land adjoining his stepmother's dower, "part of 
the estate of Thomas R. Alden, deceased" and in 
eluding a shop and woodhouse. 


131-42* (p 
ibid., 181-42* 


it 


11 


11 


Albert H. Dyer purchases a lot of "improved 
land" adjoining Lucius Alden' s lot, also part 
of the estate of Thomas R. Alden. "Also the 
barn standing thereon. 


ibid., 181-43* 






1837 


Dolly Alden buys land of Lucius 


ibid. 191-44 


Aug 


24 


1837 


Albert H. Dyer m. Emeline French in EB 


EB Vital Statistics 


1838 & 


1842 


Charles E. Dyer and Geroge R. Dyer b., sons 










of Albert and Emeline. Both became shoemakers. 


EB Vital Statist" 


ics 


Mar 


20 


1844 
1848 


Thomas R. Alden's eldest son Lucius d., a. 27 

"Mrs. D. Alden" shown on house at location of 
208 Elm St.; no house shown at 236 Elm St. 


ibid. 

Map of EB, 1848 








1853 


Albert H. Dyer, "shoemaker," adds to his land. 


Registry of Deeds, 


Mar 


20 


1854 


Albert H. Dyer sells "my homestead place" 


252-236* 


• 








bounded in part by "the highway leading past th 


e 








house of Mrs. Dolly Alden," to Nath. Chandler. 


Registry of Deeds, 
256-381* 






1855 


Edward and Dolly Alden owned $800 of real estate. 








Ezra Alden owned $1650 of real estate. 


• 








Albert H. Dyer owned no real estate, but had 










$235 of personal estate. 










Charles H. Goss owned $800 of real estate. 


EB Town Report, 1855 


Jan 


30 


1855 


Nathaniel Chandler sells house (236 Elm St.) 
to Charles H. Goss for $850. 


Registry of Deeds, 
265-61 


Feb 


. 8 


1856 


Dolly Alden sells "my homestead place" to 
Albert H. Dyer "in consideration of my support 
and maintenance to be furniahed to me during th 
rest of my natural life by Albert H. Dyer. . . 
as by a private and verbal contract subsisting 
between us. . . (208 Elm St.) 


e 

Registry of Deeds, 
272-6 






1857 


"A.H. Dyer" on 208 Elm St.; "Goss" on 236 Elm St. 


Map of Plymouth Co., 185' 






i860 


Edward and Dolly Alden owned no real estate. 
Ezra Alden owned $1650 of real estate. 
Albert H. Dyer owned $1142 of real estate. 


EB Town Report, l8^B 

"Iffr© 








Charles K. Goss owned $1000 of real estate. 






i860 


Edward A] den» s ( only son of Dolly and Thomas R. 
Alaen; iirst wife& Mary c. , died. 


Grave marker, Union 
Cemetery 


^ 






-more- 






LwH m 

■ * 19 

■ .— I I I «I3 I " 



: : : - r. i 2*t 



. (cont.) 



l£6l-l:6- 



- 



un 9 1^64 
Oct.l 1872 



leatr.s cf "fi v- 
: .ears : K : : 
wife, 27r_-ly. 



ages 7 aos. to 

-=. r 1 e s H . I-css' f : 



Z?r 271- 5:. 



Dolly Alden died of lung cosplaint, age 73» 

Al'rert ~. 2"er scld "a certain 1c: :: lard. . 
1 : .-. = i»ellir.r r.cuse. . . :".:ee acres ::re : 
less . . . ail the preadaee foraerly owned by 
Dolly Alden, widow of Tbonas Aide... . ."(2C5 
Kla I * . ) 



-rare rar.-ier, 



Z5 7:wr. P.ercrt . 1*6- 



-eristry c : _eecs, 



~ 1 -_" 

— 



7::_ 



: h a r 1 e = 
"in the 



It :re : :" : eezas: r.s *- 
OE6 aatihorized to build a new block 
illare :: ::,se '.:? lc ire ar :. :::- 



'i de s 



::re s- = :e or. the street floor." 



)■ . = r r? r et :■.= = :-' 5 
1c cseleaif ' lis: : :•■• 
:: last In dgewat er , 

V . 1 . T . 2 r - . 



1-7- Photograph of 208 ELa St. shove larg-e bam, 

which had apparently been added to not long 
before, and the old roof line of the kitchen 
(earliest) sertion of the house. 






lr-3 Earr. = t 21: 11= It. tcrr. 1:-.. ar. d lurlter used 

:: :uil: rreser.t rara«re, :reezewaj, s tor a re 

r::i 2 r. : : :tt-il irgs still :x.:::: 1?-?. 



. Ar.r.?-iwir.r, o>:.er 



i : ^~ 



: _- . 1 - : r - e t 



Dolly All 

r e v e r s 1 c : 



ii:- :: 7 r. :-.- ~ - 
dower in his estate. 



• - - 



: e - . . : v 



■ -■ _5 . 
181-42 



----- 

■_: "2 

1875 

:- :? 
1-:: 

- 

1929 
1-:: 



art - . 
'•.= - lev :. 1 1;. : : Ir. 
illiac G. T .mer 
r a r 1 1 e •• 7 u r r 2 r. 

Paysor. B . and Edna Blanchard 
Ida M 7 rapson (heir only, not a resident?) 
lev: . froa Ida Thoapeon 

- : t e r t : ::. 



273-6 
593-172 

-13-2 

= 7 " - " 27: 

- — — — 

Probate? [See next deed)! 



Hex 

- 



l:;t 
185* 

- - zz 

- 

7 - -: 
-_• 

1Q02 

1 9 7 2 

190^ 

1911 
IJ 

:-• 



HO— >" 






: i- 

_1 ~r ~ 



1 7 - .::-e: 



albert H. Dyer (land only) 
: f 1 :i idler 

~- arlee - . : :;s 
' - r : 1 • - * 

rah . - 1 : 
iraee Littlefield ne 



-Ha^u- - : ■ = ;- : - ire( j siscoe - r and- 



71':-: r. : " - r :- d is: 

David - rkins 

------ Mi - - 



J tV, 






Z. - 



l8l--; 

256-381 

2r5-6l 

- 

- ~- — — r _ 
:6— ; 
890-117 

1093- -: 1 



-: 



- 

e 

E 

E 

- 



*t. 



COMMENTARY ON 208 Elm Street 



Except for the deeds, noneof the foregoing proves anything. Even the 
mention of "house thereon standing" in each successive deed does not prove 
that the house which stands today is the same as that mentioned in the 
earliest deed. The chronology and biographical material are simply a frame- 
work against which the observation of the architecture and building features 
of the house may be tested. And even this does not preclude the possibility 
that one house may have burned or been torn down and another moved into its 
place. All is conjecture. 

However, conjecture hath it that 208 Elm Street (kitchen section) was 

built by Thomas R. Alden before 1829 and probably by 1827. It is likely that 
the front section of the house was built between" I055 and i860, perhaps by 

the same builder who built the front section of the house at 236 Elm Street. 
The center section may have been built earlier than the front by a few years 
The following commentary amplifies the chronology and shows how the various 
events relate to the history of the house andtdtha people who lived in it. 

1798 ?.< 1813 There were two Ezra Aldens at this time. The o^e who married 

Nabby Vinton lived across the street from Thom~s R. Alden in the 
little house that still stands at Elm St. His boundaries 
help locate Thomas Alden' s properties. He. was no close relation 
to Thomas. The other Ezra was Thongs' brother who went to 
Abington; he is important only because he married Susan Dyer , 
which could have explained why Albert Dyer and Dolly Alden were 
close en ouch to have a "private and verbal contract" in I856 
(if only I could have found how Albert and Susan might have 
been re] ated !) . 



■ 



1800, 1812, 1819 and 1827. Thomas R. Alden got around when it came to 

churchgoing '. Baptized in the East Parish Church, he became 
a member of a church in what is now Whitman, bought a pew back 
in the East Parish in 1819, and by 1827 was a member of Union 
Church'. Certificates of church membership were required for 
both voting and marriage. Those of l8l2 and 1827 are dated just 
months before Thomas' respective marriages. 




lhl^-182^ 



1817-1826 



1826, 1827 



Some of the land that Thomas R. Alden bought of his father Isaac 
Alden and others lay between Grove Street and Highland. It is 
impossible to say for sure that any of his other purchases 
were in fact the Elm Street land, or how he came by it. 

The only mention of any of Thomas R. Alden' s children by his 
first wife, Jane, except for the marriage of Russell in 1843, 
is of the eldest, Lucius. Thomas died with no will, so his 
property was auctioned. Only Lucius bid on any of it, and his 
boundaries were helpful in identifying the deeds of both 208 
and 236 Rim St. There is no record up to I85O of tie marriages 
or deaths in EB of Allen or Mary Jane. 

Jane Alden died of consumption at age 35. But when? No one 
knows. The town records say one date, the cemetery records 
another. Her grave is number V?0 in the Old Graveyard. It is 
the one that stands alone to the back of the few graves to the 
left of the driveway. As if the confusion of primary records 
were not enough, there is a misprint in Williams Lathams' 
Ep itaphs of Old Eridgewa ter, which says Jane died in 1807 • 

-mure- 




1>M\ 






mntm 



ri«v.-m 




m 


MjSl 




ju 


1 ^H 


jUgPj 


RflMW 






gftf^B 




IfjflgJ 












SHe 


MSI 





208 £lm St. (cont.) 



5. 



Sep 21,22 1827 Thomas R. Alden, "yeoman", took a break in the harvest season 

to attend to a little legal business. (A yeoman was a farmer 
who farmed his own land.) If Jane, Thomas' first wife was not 
dead by Sep 21 and he getting ready to marry Dolly, 'then #hy did 
he need the certificate from the (now) Union Congregational 
Church? Eut if Jane was dead by then, how could she have signed 
the deed to the Palmors on Sep 221 Easy ! In those days people 
passed property when they felt like it, had their neighbors 
witness it when they came around, and had deeds registered in 
bunches when it was convenient. This deed obviously was transacted 
before Jane died, then lay on the shelf until Thomas got around 
to havi tip it witnessed. It was finally registered in Plymouth 
in 1830 .' 



This deed seems critical in the history of 2&8 Elm St. In l82*f 
Thomas R. Alden had purchased a "lot of land together with the 
buildings thereon" which seems to have been on the now Grove 
Street. The sale of this same property in 1827 assures us that, 
although he and Jane may have lived there, he (she having died) 
lived somewhere else after Sep 22 1827. I conclude that 
since it appears on the map of 1829, that somewhere was 
208 Elm Street (Vitchen section). 



(An interesting sidelight is that the Grove Street house and 
land were paid for by Thomas R. Alden' s stepmother, Betsy Alden. 
She was the second wife of his father, Isaac, whom she married 
in 1814 after the death of her first husband Benjamin Palmer. 
Whether the minor girls, Eliza and Zilpha, were her daughters 
by her first marriage is not evident. This house was on the 
south side of Grove Street. Betsy is shown on the 18^+8 map 
as living in a house, now pone, on the other side of the road. 9 



1828-1*64 



If the above is true, then Dolly Alden came as a bride to the 
house at 208 Elm St., had her only child in it, cared for her 
four stepchildren in it, was widowed in it, witnessed its enlarge- 
ment, grew old to the point of r elincuishing it in exchange for 
being cared for, and finally died in it. To me, this makes 
208 Elm Street "The Dolly Alden House." 



I836-I85? 



18^0-1860 



l85 / +-i86i+ 



In the meanwhile, where did Dolly's friends, Albert and Emeline 
Dyer live? (See commentary on 236 Elm Street.) They must have 
lived nearby at least long enough for a relationship to develop 
which allowed for the Dyers and Dolly Alden to share the same 
roof at least from 1856 to 1864, possibly from 185**. 

The building features, as well as the tax records, indicate that 
this is the period in which the now conspicuous part of the 
present 208 Him St. was built. From the outside nothinp; reveals 
various building tirr.es. The cellar, however, is definitely of 
two vintages, the kitchen section the older. The center and 
front cellar sections are all of a piece, but the woodwork in 
the house itself varies between the center and the front sections. 
There may be three building dates: kitchen by 1829; front section 
by lS60/ and center section somewhere in between. 

Since they sold their "homestead" in l8^, the Dyers probably 
lived with Dolly for two years before she transferred ownership 
to them. Thev may have been the reason for the adding of the 



front 



sect _on. ;Vhy did Dolly. Alden end her days with friends 



-more 



- 3-h;l 



■ ■ 



208 ram St. (cont . ) 



6. 



instead of with her only son, Edward, who apparently shared an interest in 
the house up to 1855? Edward's first wife died in i860, so he probably left 
to be married about the time Dolly sold the house to the Dyers. 



1938 - 



It is touching to think that close friendships have characterized 
the houses at 208 and 236 Elm Street both early and late. The 
friendship of Dolly and the Dyers is reflected in this century 
by the nearly fifty years of friendship between Anne Ewing of 
208 and Mildred Siscoe who was born and married at 236 Elm Street 
It is also touching to think that Bob Ewing reflected the 
spirit of the yeoman, farmer of his own land, Thomas R. Alden, 
who started it all. 



1864 



Dolly Alden is buried in Union Cemetery, along with her son, 
Edward, his two wives, and Dolly's unmarried sister. (Where is 
Thomas R. Alden buried? Not with his first wife, Jane. Not with 
Dolly. Perhaps somewhere else in Union Cemetery or in V/est 

Bridgewater . ) 



Research by Joan S. Leland 
June, 1983 




3-H3 






7. 



COMMENTARY ON 236 ELM STREET 




Except for the deeds, none of the foregoing proves anything. Even the 
mention of "house thereon standing" in each successive deed does not prove 
that the house which stands today is the same as that mentioned in the 
earliest deed. The chronology and biographical material are simply a frame- 
work against which the observation of the architecture and building features 
of the house may be tested. And even this does not preclude the possibility 
that one house may have burned or been torn down and another moved into its 
rlace. All is conjecture. 



Conjecture on 236 Elm Street is that it was first occupied, although 
nrobably not actually built, by Albert H. Dyer, shoemaker, sometime between 
18^6 and l85 / +. The oldest part of the house is the back ell. The front 
section was orobably added between 1855 and i860, perhaps by caroenter 
Charles H. Hess, who owned it then. The following commentary amplifies the 
chronology and shows how the various events relate to one another, to the 
dating of the house, and to the lives of those who lived in it. 



56-185? 



At ^h.* t:\rr.' 3 of his :narrifl£*' ^ n 1837 1 Albert H. Dyer owned the 
land on .vhich he and Emeline eventually built their "homestead;" 
but when did they build it? The house does not appear on the 
Map of EB , 1848, yet they sold it in 185k. By 1856 they had 
lived in the neighborhood long enough to have developed the 
relationship with Dol]y Alden which allowed the Dyers and Do^ ly 
to share the same roof from then until 1864 (see Commentary on 
208 Elm Street). If I owned the house at 236 Elm Street, I 
would secretly tell my friends, "Prob ably by I85O." 



1855-1860 



The tax records indicate that this is the period during which 
the front sections of both this house and the one at 208 Elm St 
were added, probably by the same builder, and likely Charles H. 
Goss. 



1854-1864 



1855-1888 




The Dyers probably lived with Dolly Alden from the time they 
sold their "homestead" until she died. It is touching to think 
that close friendships have characterized these two houses both 
early and late. The friendship of Dolly and the Dyers is 
reflected in this century by the nearly fifty years of friend- 
ship between Anne Swing of 208 and Mildred (Latt) Siscoe, who 
grew up and raised her own children at 236 Elm Street. 

The most colorful of the early residents of 236 Elm St., which 
has looked through the years much agit^ioes now, was Charles H. 



Goss. X-lf R —ix-frr; u Vurur .4 1,-h -tu r of t hq £ttn*£j*£ 



M 




liv e d 1iV'-&mH s 



TTni flqr.nnr.ATi uwr.n 1971^ According 
Masonic Building on West Union Stree 
Goss. Between the tax lists of 1855 
and the one at 208 Elm St. increased 
Ezra Alden's house across the street 
eating the likelihood that the front 
added then. Mr. Goss continued to a 
M ap of EB, 1879 1 shows that he owned 
Elm Street. By 1882 he was worth $8, 
$3»560 in personal property, conside 
to most EB residents of that year. 



to Margaret Mason, the 
t is the work of Charles H. 
and i860 both this house 
in value by #200, while 
remained the same, indi- 
sections of both were 
ccumulate real estate. The 

a box factory further up 
200 in real estate and 
rable value in comparison 



Charles H. Goss and his wife Emily lived a sad life in this 



■M 
■i 



-more- 



3-HH 



(To! 



■ 



1? 



■raft 



236 Elm St. (cont.) 



?. 



house. Married in 1855, they lost four children by 1868, when Emily herself 
died. The last baby died the next year. After a second marriage, Charles, too, 
died young (age 49, of consumption). They are all buried in Union Cemetery 



%/ U » kj *" » —J— — — V -* , * — - - — ^j „ _ _ v-~ -^. _* _ W « .1. W- V-. ^-» -1-4.4. <>■ J.* _1_ V_/ A 1. W \^ I1IV- 

under the largest marker in the place, whether to mark their great wealth 
their great sorrow, I don't know. 



ry 

or 




Research by Joan S 
June, 1983 



Leland 



w 




"2.-H 






FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



In Area no. 



Form no. 



/(//)/ & 




dress X36 ffl m £/-, 



CL. 



me_ 

esent use 



HvrflC 



in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other building's. Indicate north. 

\ 



6^ Sf, \\(?W V 





CO 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 




MHC Photo no. 





(over) 



>OM-5-73-075074 



be. Co>//<^~ Char/eA /•/ - (Core Mol^£ 

psent owner fi ^ J ftfgla- 

scription: 



te 



ft<4 ~ ltf t 







hitect /Jm/snTjcdn 

Exterior wall fabric [\l(TbA 



Outbuildings (describe) 
Other features 



Lcu^t- horn 




Altered J^lJt fan & n ft , Data (fof-tfC 



Moved f\J L 



Date 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less 



Over one acre 



)/ 



Approximate frontage &&lf' 



02 

C/>| 



Approximate distance of building from street 



4o' 



6. Recorded by 
Organization 
Date 




^jA ^T^^t^nr^J^, 



. r. iln- . Q 



jfirniYi * 



f* M~ ftjy fa 



3~% 






7. Original owner (if known) H-f > p/frt>jUf M/oA^f- //, 1>ucr 

Original use f-HmiL tZ-rU skoervi*.LJ^» shop . 

Subsequent uses (if any) and dates ffz>/yiJL- 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 

3t= 



Aboriginal 
4 Agricultural 
Architectural 
The Arts 
Commerce 
C ommunication 
Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



1 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

When Albert and Emeline Dyer were married in l837» he owned theland on which 
this house stands: he had purchased it the year before from Thomas "R. Alden* s 
estate. However, no house appears in a deed until l85^ f and none on any map 
before 1848. We are left wondering when the Dyers built the original portion of 
the house and where they lived before that. 

The Dyers were friendly enor.gh with their next door neighbor, widow Dolly Alden 
(apparently not related by blood), to sell their own house in l85*+, (go to live 
with Dolly then?), and buy her house in 1856 in consideration of her "support ^m 




for the rest of my natural life." (See 208 Elm Street.) 

If tax records are any indication, it was probably Charles H. Goss who built 
the fronf (main) portion of the house, likely between 1855 a nd i860. He was -one of 
the most colorful of the ^sidents of 236 Elm Street living there from 1855 until 
his death at age H^ in 1388. according to Margaret Mason, the Masonic Building 
on .est Union Street is the work, of Charles Jd. Goss. /( Between 1855 and i860 
Gogs' s real estate increased in value by 820C# By 1 879 he owned a box factory 
further up Elm Street, and by 1882 was worth $8,200 in real estate and S3 » 5^0 
in personal property, considerable value in comparison to the estates of most 
"East Bridgewater residents of that year. 

Charles II. Goss and his wife Emily lived a sad life in this house. Married 
1855 1 they lost four children by 1868, when Emily herself died. The last baby 
died the next year. After a second marriage, diaries, too, died young (age *+9i 
of consumption). They are all buried in Union Cemetery under the largest marker 
in the place, whether to mark their great wealth or their great sorrow, we don't know, 
10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc. ) 

- Tom* M3f^- '** S > '**? 

J 



3/73 



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SAW ^0 BOX ><J 
MILL « 


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1823 




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• 



yOUM r - STRUCTURE 



M VS8ACHU8ETTS HTSTOHTCAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, Stute IIPU00, '*°* ton 



In Area no. 



Form no. 




i. Town East &tt4ASM4*xtt 

A<l<ln<ii;i near ^33 <f/*n ■*£ 



"£apfQ^«">. Uj^^^nj^lMe^ 



i™^^e^oj)^<LA*jn^ 



*/S6. - 

N 



Present use Conjer j/aAoil QrCO~ 

Present owner J^^of.^^^ 

3. Type of structure (check one) 



bridge 

canal 

dam 

fort 

gate 

kiln 

lighthouse 

other 



£ 



pound 

powder house 

street 

tower 

tunnel 

wall 

windmill 



V^ 



<S> Canal -d»ihfs// r °n** ?*«<* 
(g? 3>arri -s'e»4 Tones - inMcr 

5. Description ^ g rulo ^ *, enj *{C*n*/ 



Date/. zi ^A>^ /j>/i> A -*/ffi? £ J ' ^ g ? 

Source , . 

7?t/s$*// ^. rreifh 

Construction material >f/etS f/*r)4S earth 



Setting p/*SS/j *J**Q 



r 



Condition Sj-urjy ! *e*d cU+*~mq ctetns 2! 



Belwowt Sf » 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MHC Photo no. 



6. Recorded by YVKtEjWe UJinSOr* 



4- 



Organization fos^ Srid^eda+tr _. 

Date_i- JJ a2_ r _Z£__ 



(over) 



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Bioqmphtcgl ftevieu) Vol. XViij - SosHn t ftiass /<f?7 C°.3S^ 



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7. original ownov <irk.».« w »)_3l*$|Uij2&Siw MtUidMES. 

Original u«._ JW# W *** ..*»'// ~ ^?if . 

Subsequent 
8. Historical s 



/*47 m*^ 




f 



t uses (II ftltf nu.l «lttln» IttldtiM yn,,/ '/>*,.. ^^ jM*/ 
siguit'ieniiee. YP*m>f ** *f &*#*kt"» 

t t a .-i *'^.^ »^ !SA**S*r lirtodk, Jur/nG 1 80 

jr m |.orfW 9*4$*****' *'** ' 7 

i ^ »~/,V~„& ,* » or it* port of -t*wn,A**ct 

i :. *I Elm street .T*»J*r0S 

Svtn&ier street? 

Knot/ ,r>US «+*« *»'*. ?*'»7 ° h<Ur ^jf"** 
4/, »*s MM »>**« T*rS« 4*M 9"" ** *"\ 

fc# fir is H0* l *>f** ><**'* to*"*"* «*" 

Joseph *. tones, *> ***sc**e1*»*-of' m.U* *h*J'*h,m~J 
<n*+tve of UJ&rrensYne. , pvrcUased r&e <rtL+o yn,'// a.*- 

/>U»er used 'o rl,* J*«r-t of rU stefe ". in ft*>e 

(/eats he added bt% - ma/ana, u,h/cl> op*r*r*4 y<SA*~~ 
round* CtAjL Souou-ty}/// v*a* r~Jn On/y 'h UJ/»'rT*r) 
TA* Jam /s Comrrton/y Anouon *=**• "cranes panJ *2>A*r>. 




ICapf A BR/lto WashlvM) 



- *narl*r p/*ee<J Sou-t/> of 
Jam- &*J€jos+ / 97* 



9. Bibliography and/or references such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc 






S^amue/ Tfooert >T)ap /7?# 

A nap of £**+ &r'Jy*u>aSrr ft29 







FORM F - STRUCTURE 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

3ostoa 




4. Map. Draw sketch of structure location in 
relation to nearest cross streets, buildings, 
other structures, natural features. Indicate 
north. 



In Area no. 



r orm no. 



!• Town ggjgJi^fr^Laj* vivl^r- 

Address &*y r7&/ g 3* . £/m <& < 



Na me ^'j^r^ ~7l * n ,/ £& fb&/,. 
Present use fa tn Q £ r uSfC f fi^ , jJt£lJL 



Present owner %*h^ ^ JE^f/- 

3. Type of structure (check one) 




bridge 

canal 

dam 

fort 

gate 

kiln 

lighthouse 

other 



pound 

powder house 

street 

tower 

tunnel 

wall 

windmill 



1Z. 



5. Description 

Date £££er /f7S- 



Source 









*Kfl/W«^«L St- 



O NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MHC Photo no. 



Construction material ^ r a^r^ tEdds/. &hn*e, 

Dimensions #■' X L/' v So' 

Setting^ r< ?/ f Qr merely cyom arc*L, 

Condition G-nod > frnr^kz ovi- n£ p/a.nt, 

6. Recorded by £ct™ L U/ h; -H^as,.* , 
Organization £ /?. /V/y/-. Q a ^ ^ /ss lo-^i . 
Date Sep*, /o, / 4 ^6' 






V 



r 



(over) 



IIM-5-73-075074 



3-51 



■MKHB 









7. Original owner (if known) Qgyj. Par- let /^t» J-H 



Original use Tlnnr/ -tn a/J»*j c a -tf/,, S>„-Pe. -f>+s*n~t> 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates /j^-, /^^ *h, p,rh ^jha/o^ Hm-oo^A- 

8. Historical significance. 

Mter /f/fj Capt Pa^/ee^ Nsi-Htj ow htyv/ of Hit, Arm <??~ $~3/ 
& *o m rri £/i/ 5*^7 6 c? v &, jo e rm fS'S i a—r-) -fa -H)t 1^ w~)n °~P £*St~ TZrlolfrC- 

fcizs czj<l way was befit ^r h /s aaitfA ^ oa h yo^^ore , The 

Y/oc jo aSSd^ t. way /S a, fanne/ o6vc/i- 4" )( y ' (yocv6<*£,/y 
nlg-htAS hrh&r* Avi'/f" — a *- 00 ryU kq,s -P,'//e.*/ J^J c?/W a&Oc/f~ J^/ / / *^i y * 
There, t'<s a, C' X / fi'mfe/ ovists Hit, wcsT ^yyfy a^rce, c f>W Pro L ».<? 6j 'y 
Cn ^t -tfict~f~ aauh\n~h 6& Se&K o-n Hie, eaSt e^iiv^^^aej a^n*/ z-h nQ,]/rork 
f*y a, c/iflcmce, of- /A' en ecu>& s-Jdie. o-f Hn(U op^nps- Averse*. 

oof- of H,c wall o-n ec^o-h ? id i o-P Ojo&ninf* 

SA>c/r/-A, rff-resu H)& funnel and voouol uVere- bu//f- Czp/, 



} 









9. Bibliography and/or references such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc. 

Oral ~7^pt /<}1C~ /FuS^se// /XeJ-tf, ( ahot;f-9o yecir?) o r ■* *"* — 
&rc<i*-r,&/*sa-^ cr Capi*. Pa*~/e<L fte-ii-l*,' 
/-c*vYoJ/y Dcc^s a+- ~H}t, Rec'^-h>y /'*-, 

3/73 



1- 



i Jy rna a 7 I ~A' 






FORM B - BUILDING 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
)ston, Massachusetts 02125 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad 



o<+%~c>o5y 



A/#/?W*/| 



Area(s) 



Form Number 



Town , £"^.3/" £?r//7<f*> c^>/7 ***» y 

Place (neighborhood or village) 



Photograph 



A)<*//fAJ?£>rfo00tf 



^V 




J 2/5 ITtn r r^ /4 



I Name Sy/>r<eLs- &£ri£Lti 

nt resent ^/y?f 



Jriginal £/&?*} 



^Construction y^^ /1?Sl£* 



rm ^//a^ //£* .<?/>/,* A,g / / 
t/Builder frab^tlu \/\( il 1 1 & t*) 1?a+e$ 
|r Material: 



ution 




/~<j£r? / 



■£&. 



*\^H dings between inventoried building and nearest intersec- 
tion or natural feature. Label streets including route numbers, 
if any. Circle and number the inventoried building. Indicate 
north. 



rim 



< £< $- < rfaf QAJ n flk 



£^ 



Roof 



\Shrr?f/&^ 




M/^ Un ' 



Outbuildings/Secondary Structures (^r/?r~a-<p rf 
Major Alterations (with dates) Cf/inuJ' /y7^T 

/fl/z> a-^ftzf/ '^tmJ_ r a & *" J 

Condition { / fe^t f rta aef 

Moved III no □ yes Date 

Acreage / s4^r*e 0r /^Sf 



Recorded by 




Organization /f!/ff. ^fcy^L^g^ (^7^*97^^**^ 
Date (month/year) Un 4/r^/ f rf/f? 



Setting ViS/- /z>si \2&k£l£li2&. 1*2 C/a£gL 

Ay/-. <y/?a rfy 



ni, 






Fo/laii' Massachusetts Historical Commission Survey Manual instructions for campleting this form. 



3-53 






Yi9-<L 



BUILDING FORM 



/ifl^CHTTECTURAL DESCRIPTION □ see continuation sheet 

Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 

U/)d&r van & its rrxzn&f&rs <rn rfpf? ng/rffrfar /)&&</ , 7%e?<?€> 



rs //? 



f/* 



/f/o<f 






HISTORICAL NARRATIVE □ see continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role (s) 

the owners/occupants played within the community. 

+6c.0'&rte*s »*m r^/^^f ^r?</ fa/J h'f/^ U hsuse 
>frt>m w otter pj r f- #f ^ ^ ^ere ^ n/fu? ^ as ^e 



BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES 



Q see continuation sheet 






£Lrri^rLf 






Oct, //\s jDurtf f>ur<zJp*^s^<*f 



□ Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Statement form. 



2-54 



1/95 



iSIiE 






HKfflfijI 



J^ 




F jDRM B - BUILDING 
MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



<~± -X- TT A ..*i 



T1 ^-v r-«+- *-\ r\ 



m 



4. Map. Draw sketch of building location 
in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 



D 



-c 
s 

> 



* 
3 

* 



f 






Highland sf- 



m 




N 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 




MHC Photo no. 





In Area no. 



Form no. 



vn 



Past 8^/d ^eouaf^r 



iress J3Q Hair\J arJ tfr 



esent use honog — has r&ma/n ec/ 
Same fa m'ty-fyr 6U*i~ SQQ t/ea rs 



esent owner Ck«^\et U^ AJoj/^S 

scription: 

te / 7o7~ freJ/b /o d*Ji*G 

Source / 7 7^ /W 4 f> / ^ A 4^? 

H e £«. /»* (Tggt Cottage 



Architect 



Exterior wa 
Outbuildings (describe) 



11 fabric iVOod SJt\(t\a\£S 



r^Ts $r* 




Other features £>LpOSei Ccrn^r pO&fe 



Altered 
Moved 



A?o 



Date 
Date 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less 



Approximate frontage 



Over one acre 

jso ' 



>/ 



Approximate distance of building from street 

<&0 ' 



% 
& 



1 



■ 



1 



m 



6. Recorded by Mdtjt>l~l£ /f, Ul/A/*o4_ 
Organization C, Q • NiJ^vH Ca/ Ccm W, 
Date 9J 7/76 






m 



£1 



(over) 



5M-2-75-R061465 (20M-2*76) 



3-55 



Othlt t&atvr&> KJciuAe wotottn joea Construct/ on , <"- / Wm 

wi/iJfiUJSj 3H>r«<(e hoorr) behind, -f;r*p/ace j'n east front r**v 
(wall* of mason «rtf Construction ^uri *h*/u*s <x»d 4>*/»*'W 
m**&) u>»ere fold u>as "fi*9i*4 through Vo cf*n,ntf area* 

7. Original owner (if known) *S £lfCh^J fdnerajl OHS Of* ZafbdnIS , tutl/fnitfrtS' 

Original use nOlfA&S'fetLcl 

Subsequent uses (if any) and dates ^tn)fh S ho f> On f at a p&tfrft / 7 7<? 

8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



\r 



jZ 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

>Tam*s^ 

descendant of 7t*l>*>-r la/Aatn^ *"** y»,V/ *?****•* 
(Pasf- Prectnc*- of £h, df£U****rs~ 



in 

7~4 



srmnSAc/Tonr of phof>**t<j t 

A S6n Toseph ecppointej OdMmis*r*f*r *<f <?*">** eiM7*-/73i 

/1/0 de-hi'/s* of estate- ^^cohds Its/- */* 4 ohn ed ^ ^ ^ ^ 
A. -Thomas larham - /77t (ur,Jou) QLtj+ij) ct/*J A *{ 
Small p**-/n /77f ^^/ ^ y#^ ^« W>^M 

/o/us ctoouf // act** tf Und, 4/0 6o,/d,h~*r rw*/»/>J/W eKC< 

"Old **'# rt '<V $ tx>oU * f r0ih **>"'* <§> +'?• * S „ 
aW ****** r* f **c4~ J*c /77f T*** *** i-m*/ ****** *f »'* 
U fc -frfar Thomas l*tk*»> decease* " 6* J*rr/*ct c~ 

Thomas' son 0>;/J,amj eSJes* *°» of Qd>,f«>/~ Qvo prel* 
record e*/sjs *f6r boi//lairt) 

10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc. ) 




J>eec/s 
^>aw*/'* > of±nj' map / /?<P 



Ppi+dffc •/ Old 43HJ<r&u/*hr, Was * - <Uth**j 



U),7//antf 









//sny e<-«TT- Ara^w **r Jiti 



I 



/,lr*r*l 



&XLm 



tvm 



•*■■*. 



mSsm 



fmm 



RSC 



■■■■ 



H 
!■ 



FORM E - BURIAL GROUNDS 
ASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



Religious affiliation /\ZON& 



^nerJ/j/lj/l MAN /fl /W ACK f) £CfiVO A A/rS 

Vho has further information about burial ground? 

Address) /V/M Sn-CF/V7*A-L S7~. 

What type information: lot plans inscriptions 
gravestone descriptions other 

ft/lAt/£H rfi j/rt ASM/H- ^ A/0/ To o 
^ £&//!/£ - <y/MAA//fF /te'/+/XfrJfi/tt 



Town j^Asr / 6A/£>&FU/4Td r /?. Af ttf. 
Location #*/? !//{/?/? t f77 ? tir T 

Name H/tf/rS/AA/ S^ //.!/ C ^fTA /? K 

Neglected jS 



Condition: Well kept up 
(if neglected, explain how) 



7 7 tef. r < < ?/?!< ?'? <?r/ /9< rs < fa# sz 



^/aroi/e/ Ke/tf* <?/><? 



Approx. number gravestones J£, ^ 

Earliest death date / ft / & 



Most recent death date / ? Q Q 



I . HISTORY OF BURIAL GROUND 

/\ />/*/* ate grjveysr// tear tAo /9oos<? of A/?s> /&fc> /)?#. ^/egzar 
W/tsf//?#/7 <3/?4 Ae/o/zg't'tg /b A/s f&n?//y* /locate*/ 0/2 fA<f &oc/% s/W<* 
Of f6o r^ad, s?ow lYer^^/rc/ Sr*, &r?c/ <?<3sf of f/ z< ? fr vs<?. 

ysu? graveyard /s Ao/z/tc/^^f 6</a STo/zc* wa// a// arc/c/n c/ 
nr/tA & /<2~/3>of <?rzfra/7c<r at e&c/? <?/?tf y*ac/sr£~ t/i? reaaf- 
Srst ^J' x /<£# '<3/>/>roy//n&te/y eic/ /$*s Two $>r<?/z/Y<? 



4. 



MONUMENTS-Overall condition: upright/^fallen (approx. no.) ^ 
MAP: Footaee 'rom street _£5 & /y 



inscription legibility 



AO 










^ 



fe 






CD 



co mm , 

ro/e/C^A Date 6/< / &/ 7?' 

_ _ _ 

"'Form # 



3 



■ 



«V3 






f*v. 



CO 

o 

H 
co 

■< 

Q 

> 

Q 
55 



LO 



1 




Oh 






c 

CO 



CD 2 



o 



Kg. 

5 



CO 



CD sK 

3 V 



cd 

-t-> 



CD 
CO 



CD 

s 

etf 
52 
•♦-» 

(0 

•F-t 
P4 



CD 

s 

■4-* 

CO 



CO 
CD 

e 
o 

CO 

o 

QO 



CO 

CO 



i 

0> (0 

Ph CD U 

V o 



/ .. 






-V? 






\ 



(C 



Is 



^ 



ss ^ 



o 

N 



3$ 



S 






^ 



5 






^ 
^ 

^ 



0© 






K 









^ 



fc 



si 

N 
\ 



kS 



X 
^ 
^ 

$ 



1 
I 



S: .k 









^ 
fc 
^ 

* 



I 

1 



/^- 



1 












FORM B - BUIJLDING 

i 
MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
2^ WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. °v 







ffiNE ^T, 



\ 



Researched by Armand & Rosemary Serrecchia 
Recorded by Joan S, Leland 

Organization i? flS t Bridgewater Hist Comm 

Date January 21, 1985 





' HE 




"Vim j I'lk'; *./* . > i SETS^^KjTi 




H IHI HH HHI^^^^^I 












AREA 


FORM NO. 


■ 




gast Bridgewater 



ts 6^3 Harvard St. 



trie Name John and David Brown Farm 

|nt owners: Armand & Rosemary Serrecchia 

[fboLMwi ewe/ Pctj-ri&ic^ IBecuuzC 
Tresent Home 

riginal Farm house for two families 



CRIPTION: 



Between IBOO and 1812; Marriage dates 



Source n p j-.Hp two brothers who inherited 
the land from grandfather in 178lw 
Style Mew England farmhouse, 1? stories. 

( Architect) Builders: John & David Brown 



Exterior wall fabric w ood shingles 
Outbuildings , onfi at present 



ON 

- w 

I 



Major alterations (with dates) work area 
for early cider mill incorporated as an 
ell of the house, date unknown t 



Moved mq 



Date 



Approx. acreage Less than 1 ( originally 

86 or more) 
Setting Completely rural, with open fields ; 
close to 3U3 Harvard St. and other old 

homes} next to bridgewater Branch of the 
Old Colony RR (13U6-1925). 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



3-57 



ng-£. 




ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

Typical of the New England farmhouse, with many features intact. Location 
striking: corner of the oldest road to Boston. 



( 



HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

The Brown fanily were more than yeomen. Their names appear in many documents 
relating to the industrial development of the town. They played a part in the 
iron works,, in the locomotive works, and in the laying of the Old Colony Railroad. 

David Brown, the younger brother, married in succession three sisters, the 
daughters of Joseph Ramsdell. He was careful of his investments, always listing 
his property jointly with a son or a wife. He owned several houses besides his 
own and was landlord in at least one instance to a duplex iron worker's cottage 
on Cross Street. 

James Brown, David's son by his second wife, apparently inveigled to inherit 
the house from Mary, to whom he was both nephew and stepson. This gentleman was 
highly ubiquitous in business and industry. In 137U he was listed as a cotton broker 
working in Memphis, Tennessee and boarding with Merritt Jenkins, whose daughter he hrd 
married in 181*9., (This marriage ended, contrary to the custom of the 1880' s, in 
separation with a bitter contest over property rights lasting even after James's 
death.) James, like his father, owned rental properties near the Fast Bridgewater 
Iron Works and for a short time owned the works as well. The ambitious but capricious 
nature of his enterprises is seen in Benjamin Watson Keith's paper which was "read at 
on of t he socials: 

Soon after the Railroad was built which was in I8I4.7, Mr. James Brown conceived 
the plan of having business established in this town and moving in that 
direction he caused the building of a Locomotive shop, a circular saw, a 
box factory, a Grist-mill, and a saw-mill for sawing boards and a lumber (cont.) 
BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

Plymouth County Deeds: £60li:li88 and back 

" ■ Probate: wills of Woodbridge Brown 1781*5 John Brown 1816; D/avid 

Brown 186U; Mary Brown 1877; James Brown 1882. 
Benjamin Watson Keith, "A Paper Read at One of the Socials," in EARLIER DAYS IN 

E&ST BRIDGWATER, (East Bridgewater, MA.: East Bridgewater Historical Commission, 

rT ahum Mitchell, HISTORY 0^ BRIDGEMATER 

Valuations and Assessments of the Town of East Bridgewater. 




3-5^ 



<K 



10M - 7/82 






ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 



Typical of the New England farmhouse, with many features intact, 
striking: corner of the oldest road to Boston. 



Location 



HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

The Brown family were more than yeomen. Their names appear in many documents 
relating to the industrial development of the town. They played a part in the 
iron works, in the locomotive works, and in the laying of the Old Colony Railroad, 

David 3rown, the younger brother, married in succession three sisters, the 
daughters of Joseph Ramsdell. He was careful of his investments, always listing 
his property jointly with a son or a wife. He owned several houses besides his 
own and was landlord in at least one instance to a duplex iron worker's cottage 
on Cross Street. 

James Brown, David's son by his second wife, apparently inveigled to inherit 
the house from Mary, to whom he was both nephew and stepson. This gentleman was 
highly ubiquitous in business and industry. Tn 1B7U he was listed as a cotton broker 
working in Memphis, Tennessee and boarding with Merritt Jenkins, whose daughter he had 
married in 18l;9.* (This marriage ended, contrary to the custom of the 1880' s, in 
separation with a bitter contest over pooperty rights lasting even after James's 
death.) James, like his father, owned rental properties near the East Bv-idgewater 
Iron Works and for a short time owned the works as well. The ambitious but capricious 
nature of his enterprises is seen in Benjamin Watson Keith's paper which was "read at 
on of t he socials: 

Soon after the Railroad was built which was in I81i7j Mr* James Brown conceived 
the plan of having business established in this town and moving in that 
direction he caused the building of a Locomotive shop, a circular saw, a 
box factory, a Grist-mill, and a saw-mill for sawing boards and a lumber (cont.) 

BIBLIOGRAPHY" and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

Plymouth County Deeds: 5>60lr.li88 and back 

" " Probate.* wills of Woodbridge Brown 178)45 John Brown 1816; $avid 

Brown I86I15 Mary Brown 1877 j James Brown 1882. 
Benjamin Watson Keith, "A Paper Read at One of the Socials," in FARLIFR DAYS IN 

EAST BRIDGWATER, (East Bridgewater, MA.: Fast Bridgewater Historical Commission, 

). 

\ T ahum Mitchell, HISTORY OF BRIDGWATER 

Valuations and Assessments of the Town of Fast Bridgewater. 



-L>D 



10M - 7/82 









jn 



m 



IT 



■ 






6£3 Harvard Street (cont) 
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (cont.) 



3. 



yard together with a cupola furnace for making castings for locomotives 
which were made herej but for want of capital to carry on the business it 
was a failure, some of the buildings with the tall chimney are now standing 
(when this was written we don't know} as mementoes of what used to be» 



DFH) SUMMARY 

Brown Family, early 1800's to 1882 

Various owners, 1882-193^ (11 total) 

Arthur Ludwig, 193U-19£2 

Kenneth Ludwig, 1952-1933, then 

Grace Muise for one year 

Armand and Rosemary Serrcchia, 1981; « 



frowns 6nr#6i«"- wU< Mm Bad^e^aW bco~& *<* ** ®UG>Lx^ 
<3M— vs , I W> V^r..; ^ 7 ** GlJCoU,^ (-LJUn>~J a^U^ 

jit CktcJL &Ji&£* hfch*** < 



m 



3- 6? I 



ON 
Vjl 

w 

I 

> 






nr 



'^>n ^j bit ¥ ~ / */ • y u 



(Attach photo here) 





~> £f?st &/*/£ <g i^ty/^f^. 



^A Aa*~7± S/=- 



Street address _-* 



^ 



Use: original & present S * C-hcf0/ - /7T2n r 2(9' 
Present owner^grtfr/^rfrrT't-^/v ^LOfTtyn CrY) 



Open to public __A^2_ 






Date //* 4^ Style *&« JnrtTWi $eJh od 
Source of date ^far? JfeyoetttS 

Architect 

OR part of Area # 



3. CONDITION Excellent Good Fair Deteriorated Moved Altered Added 



Atcte/e- Sn-t-9 & home 

4. DESCRIPTION 

FOUNDATION/BASEMENT: High Regular Low Material jfr/C^T 

WALL COVER: Wood £ /gpJ}QQY^cis Brick Stone Other 



ROOF: (R*idgj ) Gambrel Flat Hip Mansard 

Tower Cupola Dormer windows Balustrade Grillwork 

CHIMNEYS: 02 3 4 Center pEn^ Interior Irregular Cluster Elaborate 

STORIES : ^)2 3 4 ATTACHMENTS: Wings Ell Shed 

PORCHES: 12 3 4 I PORTICO Ra loony 

FACADE: Gable end: Front/side^) Ornament 



,y*os« /9 cm CohhCr-* /v* h/ 

Entrance: Side Front: Center/Side Details: &Af+*-ai>+ice &rf~ SlcJT. afi "t)Uilrl% ha? 

Windows: Spacing: Regular /([rregular? Identical/ Varied , , 



Corners: Plain Pilasters Quoins QDornerboards 



5, Indicate location of building in relation to 
nearest cross streets and other buildings 




6. Footage of- structure from street 3 O -f~&& I 
Property has //^/ fcftt frontage on street 

Recorder J &/rvu l~>r\l h t 'J~rn r* e* 



H#W-t- S+. 



Photo # - X V- ^ 



Date t^""* ^Z ^rtr 



SEE REVERSE SIDE 



3~Lx 



ftl 



[ -*'Uu> 




RELATION OF SURROUNDING TO STRUCTURE 
1. Outbuildings, /fa C^at-ly 0n?&* 



T 



2. Landscape Features: Agriculture Open Wooded Garden: Formal^iformal 

Predominant features. , 

Landscape architect. 




"> 



3 Neighboring Structures 

Style: Colonial Federal Greek Revival Gothic Revival Italian 
Venetian Gothic Mansard Richardsonian ^Modern 



Use:/KesidentiaL/Commercial Religious 





bard Rom. 



Conditions: Excellent (Erood) Fair Deteriorated 



GrVE A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF HISTORIC IMPORTANCE OF SITE (Refer and elaborate on 
theme circled on front of form) 

~7*iJs A>c>s*> /tndtwi* *$ ™V ferae Tame/ Sc-Jtool houSes 
W*A Sui/f iy v/e /fcSjV^/if of ScAoo/ ZD^irfeh *f- 
*->i /a**/ sbdKspfa -ns-m sJaQoJ* A- 4&eers -&*~ ?& *t> 
OsecJ as a sc^ac/ cs**fiJ oJv*lk> M/*M'*JL /?• 
-rfe>r> 3eCas>>r>C Am** *'** n JjP&Sm C3l f a y~-f&r<3 . 

Q hd-rni /n J9Sd J ao?*/ //? /96$£ *s*/al y^t> iHft 

£QSfnT)QsniS . 

Mrs. Jnci M-CovUy^ <r*c&> a ~tT*ah*.\j and 

G-P- Mr. £asi'j^ayi J &tf&^rfe^ <2rattt7->asLS $cj> # # / 
/>er& . J)r- J£//er> She**, ex (l&uSi'h a^c/ iH^lstvii*' 

/most -fviv-n ry>*r*t refetrfn* ^ ^>c S^A^d/j 
PLh er/n^jnal desk, a^J y-^JT d>rn£3 J>e//. 



RESTRICTIONS 



Original Owner:. 




Deed Information: Book Number 



Page. 



Registry of Deeds 



Form B. 10M-6-71-049688 *} <" {? 6 




DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 




MHC Photo no. 





(over) 



y\/< 






MWSSSEKffl Sfc'£t* 



% 



In Area no. 



Form no. 



■ 






1. Town g^CT ^Rt^ggV^Tg^ 
Address ^(? ^BllH- VUKC& 
Name YqONGt LA*>*E%' S CM-QOU 



I 

■ 



Present use 



Present owner CHAfitg*> %^thf^B.C^€ MWUCft lll 
3. Description: 

Date / 2T ^ (f* 

Source To\*/*J i+IS To*.*/ 

Style 

Architect 



Exterior wall fabric WooQ SfrlVG-LC 

Outbuildings (describe) fij&fijg' 

Other features 



Altered 

Moved 



\/ 



Date 

Date jRj^ 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less \/ Over one acre 
Approximate frontage J Q& r"T« 



V> 



Approximate distance of building from street 

Q-Q FT, 



*o 



5M-2-75-R061465 (20M-2376) 



6. Recorded by F&ANK fJ . WO\)G*VCod \ 
Organization EASf gg*CXS<WATgft. f-f?5Tol ti<^ 
Date ^A^ >C *7? 



3^4 



■ 

■ 

■ 

I 



trflfl 

v, 



as- 




7. Original owner (if known) PgtVA7^ PgoPftlgTb^S : /U&>*> JfoTSAfcT, JflMUrioRft, 
Original use Vo \) tf £ LAV I g"5 SOfo» 1- 






Subsequent uses (if any) and dates EAST frg* Pg-EVATg"^ *CAftrMy /f=«gM )&$*)) \\t>V\z(p* bt* 
8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



IZLS 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education yy^ 

Exploration/ 

settle me nt 

Industry 

Military 

Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 




9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

Tu\$ BuiLp/^G- was Pur up i hi igis W A &£ov? of^ Ftotffirer 
YHor(UGToG-S, Awb was dpev^rb uN^en TVt& n*mc *e- 
vi You^G- UVTurs' 2<u+o*l" *ct "F&«ALe ACAfcexy". /.apf*, 
Vova/6- togrid \*je4lC Acs* AiDAfrprefc^ Amt> Tn*r a/am£~ WA| 

"Ti WlUUAw AU-ETfiJ, WHo WAS p^KfC/PAL ©f=- T^ACADe^ 
UAfT'^ fT CLOSED /M !5 4o. *+£"" -?©M> /r /M l8t>STTa 
KlMfcAZ^- g~ SHreLX>C>hL, AfP TH-e !?Oi C*D/Af<s- u/'A^ TA*e< 

ftosre'p To \*}*e&e ita/o^ sTfK*n>s ohJ Ke-iT* v>lac€ 
Umkh- sr??err was T^erf kmowaj as c&rr&AL s&sj*«.e 

l-THAS $/uoe:THe~fiS Pass^2> T*R©i/G,H s£ve&AU 
^aki>^ ; -pc/tsfGr ^rA/r(t«ttv ^e^e^Rerh -y^ /a/ th-e~ 



i 



P£sfM6t>-n+ a>uArrv v-ezr-. *p x>e&x>s 




10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc.) 

*/fu/A/ MAPS t I* 4 '*, /*?*, <9*>* / .. <ftT ft W r 



aw p£*T>$crwATe*. ses^t;i ce^TeNkit Ac 



' , , 



!<)-73 



FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



Map. Draw sketch of building location 
in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings, indicate north. 




//^ 



In Area no. 



Form no. 




own 



h <* $t 




G yua~f$r- 



ddress //^ /J cl & grf- «JA 



pa me 

present use /^.f-yy^ t^ 



'resent owner 



)escription: 



ate & y /frTS 

Source fi w % grers A?«n> .AF-7& 

yle 



Architect 






Exterior wall fabric / R^/o/ c 



Outbuildings (describe^ ^ Q 1/ Qb r ^ ~/ V?u> 
Other features jf^-f - Curved S/ct fi£ 

£Lt€/j cct—jcuj ^.£cu/.fi r.e.cV . 

Altercd^^/ __ &£/__ Date J_^ Qq _^J^/ 

Moved Date 



Ctr\+r q ( feme 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less 



Over one acre 



7 



— a 

Approximate distance of building from street & 



Approximate frontage / j% j- * 



l£-T3Ce<^t~CY- 



*a-L 



\\ 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MIIC Photo no. 



6. Recorded by^ y^ / , k/A/j-frjor 



en 
f\ 



Organization / y )<> <r / t , r/Qq ) V nt7trt1( ^ j ;^ 
Date J u l p. /_£i^ 



(over) 



-0M-5-7 3-075074 



3-Cp& 



vn 






7. Original owner (if known) /A» n »-v/ H"h<\ rf~ 
Original use 



Pre 6« b ly QcL\-ff<*h era Co ffa a c 



• 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates j Q „ n/ e ^ tf p_£ s > c p /a ^ - / <? j $ 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



r 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 



Mob 



CO 



Jih^t ^»^)ft a-f-i"±*~ J £-Gt+ c^-*c4 J>eAs\<i ^*73j /J&vn*-y 

/ f- 6 V, M**)u*n /*/,' /oioe/ / Wet* "^e- scfi-r?-/ n - /cat -F <$ y I l^o-*tuS /.oie // 
r**At> 6o;fhi-/f. m*;n house /„ / y <? 9 , J U J ^ Osborne Ovvv> ±d ^1 ^H r , 

J oclce, hr;/ / 1' Oisyy^ //• Osborne c*o/oj *,c/ & tn <?// o7^ yy-ooc/ Pv-l, ** hi^ 
o-fy?,'(l e —How r * m o is *-& * Bo*-^ t't-i /J>Vo ^e Qrac/oct ftc/ ^ o-*v, 
«5V-/c/^« n-uTx^ /(^^a/ ^So^co/j -hau#J>y- O -Pew ffLw^ £>QC*i^nn<Z_ d^ 

10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc.) 

/too _ rtk.W/ pf) </sc~W$ <*r-ccC<L /-hbari- f~8 i^e.6^ 4 ^ * M*»r> 

/cult rtk /yaS p.S-72- Anrv^ylo &«U,„/ ^ JX">* (Yore^! 
Hn 6k 9 W ,3o *-r» a MoreJh- ^ ^^^^ ^. 3/73 

3^ Lp I * v 




BBS 



StsaHE? zw 



?vr 






20 Maple Ave., formerly ^8 Bedford St. 

Built 1887 by Robert Orr Harris, a federal judge and congressman who raised five 
daughters here. One of the youngest daughters, Grace Harris Carey (Mrs. W. 
Hartley Carey) wrote the captions on the photos. She told the library staff in 
the 1970 f s about her memories of gala parties held in their home. For more 
information on Judge Harris, see Library Scrapbook vol. 8, page 9. 




Photo from Library Scrapbook 1A, page kO, Judge ^Harris House from Bedford St 

ca. 1887. ---"" 



• $ 



rv> 









2 


^^1 


90 


■■ 


V 


V»M 


9 




> 




< 




9 









(00 



19 

Ip* 



•^v*-^Jb' tU5 ' 




(Grace Harris Carey) 

This property not recorded with the Massachusetts Historical Commission because 
of its state of deterioration by 1973. - jsl 






20 Maple Ave., formerly 48 Bedford St. 










Judge Harris House from Maple Ave., ca. early 1900* s. 

Photo from Library Scrapbook vol 1A, P. kO. 

Sometime between 1903 and 1926, the house was purchased by Dr. Walter 
Bannerman, who kept both his family and his medical practice here until 
his death in 1937 • He was succeeded by his son, Dr. Donald Bannerman* 
The house was sold to Russell Grabau in the late 1960*s and to Ali Nowrouzi 
in 1986. See obituary of Dr. Walter Bannerman in Library Scrapbook 8; 63. 



r 



'— "■ '■■' ' 



T"» 



F0ST tnun 



CORRESPONDENCE HERE 



FOfi-APDRESS ONLY 



V_jL\> 




i— .. - — (Srttgft H4^'I■ls ' ^ ' a ' ^ey f'^ , ^ 




IS 

S 
H 

> 

< 



o 

3 
a> 

00 
w 

O 

*i 

p. 

w 
ft 



3'^ 



£U 



: u ■ 



\ - 



■/■> 



u&a 



m 



In 



(-X- W- ~c - 



Harris - Bannerman House' 
1972 






it TsZljLjJiJi 




{ 






-1 

c 



From Mason History, 19th c, p. 276 




FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



4. Map. Draw sketch of building location 
in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 





DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MHC Photo no. 



(over) 



20M-5-73-075074 



In Area no. 



Form no. 




" East Bridgewater 



ress 61 Maple Ave, 



e Harlow Harden Home 



sent use Home 



sent owner nra1g fr Vi rginia Potkay 
cription: 



_lB2ifL 



Ply Co Deed, 236:116 
ource yap of EB . 18U8, M. Bates 



Architect 'Harlow Harden , builder 
Exterior wall fabric Wood; clapboards 

Outbuildings (describe) None 

Other features 



'Altered 



Date 



Moved from U3 Central StDate c. 1916-17 



5. Lot size: 



One acre or less 



Over one acre 



Approximate frontage 7^ t 



— 6s 
Approximate distance of building from street "x 

2£! 



Research by Craig Potkay 
6. Recorded b y j oa n 3. Leland 



^1 



Or gani z'at io n East Bridgewater Hist Comm 
Date March 19, 198U 



3-l( 



■■in 



■ 



7. Original owner (if known) Harlow Harden? probable first occupant M/M Edward Keith 



Original use Home 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 




/ 
ll 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

The present owner has researched the house in depth and is considering 
printing its history, which would be also a history of life in East Bridgewater 
"village" from the mid-1900 1 s. Mr. Potkay is a professor of history at 
Bridgewater State College. He will be glad to furnish details to anyone . 
interested. ( ^°-g x<iS ^ : • '^ lib«»-*-M Vv^ c_c*^ o^ M^- V^M***-*^ co^y>\^\t, u>&,-W.O 



18148*18^2 Harlow->Harden 

18S2-1866 Edward and Elizabeth (Orr) Keith (she the d. of Samuel Orr) 

1866-1888 Isaac Washburn 

1888-1891* Sophia Washburn 

1891-1909 Charles F. Clark 

1909-1916 James Eagan 

1916-1917 George Webber (did not live there) 

1917-1961 Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Perkins, Sr. 

1961 Ralph Perkins and Mary M. Perkins 

1961-1971 Mary Perkins and Louise Myers 

1971-1981 Paul Merna 

1981- Craig and Virginia Potkay 




10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc.) 

East Bridgewater Town Reports 
Mitchell's History of Bridgewater 
Directory o7"Plytiouth Bounty, 1867 
MapiTof East Bridgewater, I0U8, 1879, 1903 

Many other sources, available from Craig Potkay • 




3> A % 



3/73 




BH rati 5 



FORM B - BUILDING 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



In Area no. 



Form no. 




ress £ V Mqp /C AV^ . 



sent use 



|V^Utl Tc*>4A^ M^l 



l Otrid S 



9 



4^'r thmtL 



3ent owner 
iription: 



ft /F'/Air/^nf er 



Vry ft** Fee****- I/W* ♦ AfleV) 

ource frrg fc „^ fte. La raff. fyotp S 



4. Map. Draw sketch of building location 
in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 



Architect 



m 




Exterior wall fabric Wood /* fop £) ocrr fc 

Outbuildings (describe) /Yg n& 

Other features 



Altered 



Moved ^ 



Date 

Date, ?,/. /y/p ~ 



m 



DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



MHC Photo no. 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less ^ Over one acre 

Approximate frontage f^Q 'fit'* 

Approximate distance of building from street qr> 

a? f/> ? 

6. Recorded by /^/V- A/a c/p Aj-0-*> t^ 

Organization /* < Gr/ata.e vrafas Mtft'ta -*^ 
Date 4^. fg mt /?// 



5 s 



(over) 



; M _2-75-R061465 (20M-2376) 



3-13 




7. Original owner (if known) f\J*+A o „ U/A/ Jm Q *» 
Original use //&n\£ 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 



'ht- -fop 




M k.\ 



put t^v, vovsi / '-i,fhr>r»*3ncc>vii rrovwj 
s Will 6«t>°L ?£<l./-1j /*-dC; <&*y»ot/ /?ap4Au? ^/*M*jfe 

Plrn^ -Hit **'/* o-» ^V,/J~«/ SI- (»ew /io) /h frv-*f- 0+ 
Hi- All*™ SeUooi (bur**! tjvfj att*93 f^it. »?*W bc^{ 
^hlnd lt%t hoc*** o^ Cu*/ir*/ 3****+- *> -M*. /e^Atr^ 
& 6? /**/>/* Ays . nt/f^^a^/s »*rv v^t 7b/, 'te S/*/*'^ . 

10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
^ early maps, etc.) 

7S*vh /%»/» MYP-; /*1% /1o3 
?ly.Cou«+y f*j. of Deeds : ~hoofr ^?V-3/V. "Boot J&V&- 3«/ 



8^- 




Soot- /* *1 - 



ry %f tfiZ'' C-f»\' 



FORM B - BUILDING 



m 



SACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 



& BKI^S Hal mm 

Br i^Hfl En RH 

HmH HJBB k^QB HHfK EVv 




AREA 


FORM NO. 




I 



Mill-Mil 
"I IMBI !■(-]% 



OlUJJl 



ite) 

llirm 



1 




SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 







Recorded by b.olr\a L» vVni-hyyic^e, 
Organization &7?« tf.' gfr Cvvnyn.'rrtlr ^ 
Date N c> v * )m b 4Lr- /A /^?cP^ 



Town g QS -t UndqetA/atct- 

Address 3 9 A/orH) ISec/fiord 5*- 
Historic Name JDav~-# >r )|^w > , n^ h~o */ 



Use: Present /T^fi^ 



Original hhrv>*> t* 



DESCRIPTION: 



Date /&-/<? 



Source Jz-Aj,*/ fAcUntf/ferJ ^e.<Laind ^ 

Style Fe.der-Q/ 

Architect 

Exterior wall fab r i c {* lap hnq ^S 
Outbuildings 

Major alterations (with dates) 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreage L&3S -f~rt&v, 1 a. One- 



-0 



f- 



1 



Setting j/^ry necUi, a 6</3 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



3-15 



\T3ec(£n</ S^h built by <£**,. S'y/i/o**^ ^. a *.«//, ' 



'y U7»t^. *> y 



ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

-rt\t- Gml v\*)ft~ door j-?> 
(r>xt. across -f~t>^ s«irtif -£-c~r*p ^Z^y^/c^ Ufa* reQt*+ly... 

cl^m aliped* W\P&<v*\ rod-fis^ rm^e I in**, atfr^+tVfc' 

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

~Th/s \sru# % .. Hac~ ^ rv^y^ o-p- 73cuii-ttol& vntti/ Tirovv* Wit* 

Owd iBed-fcL^d ~h? fvryjt ^Rr^i a^^cL b&t~dGrHs&^jti*L. Souf^ 
§We.» H*~ cusud l/)js <3o~n l/i/e^e \^ elj } -i&~ d o Cf^ (a act 



1W< (vvhtcM^iA/cui ih +ii Vv^; 



v\i*t -h tU<L •■t , 'B. "SctV/h 



^ 



-ho \l\t\~vr ^ovji \A^^to V\ cud. O- S"h>r-e- V)^y"^^^fv 
BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

\^cj&z^^ \^cL-+x.r\ a\ Wees tvla/ by ke>ia~ (L<xak*.M + 
u^ci^s l)ire&by>u erf frlS^uh \>£- A ; irar^. \atL *u^ 



o^ 



a 






10M - 7/6. 



■ 
vM 



m 



■ ■.--^j'«. 






> i/v"- 



I 



(Attach photo here) 
FORM B- BUILDING SURVJ 






' \I L. f ffj, 


I 







x>i/ >£ 



DEC 




address ^^Qjt*rfu-£3&cfArf </ — §f_ 

original & present //atrn \£.< 



;nt owner 
to public 



- r A 

^li^frstyle tPmeJ' /faff f 4 I 
e of date Sffff Oftr/ ~ j & p fa Pe 
tect <§l/ A/g /- - ^W ^ ft "7^0 tt/ 






OR part of Area # 

1 Altered Added 



4. DESCRIPTION 
FOUNDATION/BASEMENT: High <ReJula£> Low Material ^V W * /*<f? 
WALL COVER: #oodjL CjifjC? / & (T Q ff W& Brick Stone Other 



ROOF: <gicige) Gambrel Flat Hip Mansard 

Tower Cupola Dormer windows Balustrade Grillwork 

CHIMNEYS: 1 © 3 4 Renter} End Interior Irregular 

STORIES: 1 £g) 3 4 ATTACHMENTS: Wings 

PORCHES: 12 3 4 



Cluster Elaborate 



PORTICO __ 



Balcony 



FACADE: £able end"^ Front/side Ornament 



Entrance: ^ideFro^ Center/Side Details: 

Windows: Spacing:( ^gular for regular Identical/ Varied 
Corners: Plain Pilasters Quoins ^orner bo ar d s^ 



5. Inuicate location of builqtf*ig in relation to 
nearest cross streets andwher buildings 



SZz 



WU^en S4 




6. Footage of structure from street 

Property has feet, frontage on street 



fob!,*. L* ; brvtf fartefs f l,'*>-k;s 
*! } ^ av ^ h Recorder __^rn% L* fo fy , fr n<Qr & . 

For jE~ 9 ty) S^ <~t £0/ Qc? m m i 5L£< ®~V) 



Photo # JmT '& Date fay /?7fa 



SEE REVERSE SIDE 



3-77 



$ 



z 

© 

l 



CO 



IS 

Hue I 



3fr lW*kB*«UW St-. 



Hi i A I'lUN OF SURROUNDING TO STRUCTURE 



1. Outbuildings. ]j ? — B* r ni^J G*c*&'& Q?"(Jj //en //ai/S& L ? J 



2, Landscape Features: d^grlcultur ^ (^?pejp Wooded Qirdenp Formal/ffefornu, 

Predominant fe iitures^fr ^ <rl*- lye, wn^y a na / ^ffi^, c iw ja r ^^7 ^ ^ ^/ '/<* j-t-a /»(? ,<Y 

Landscape architect __SJl£ «SV-/// **& ' ^Gon ry 6 Tr^ »*» &£*a£tbi# - f-< <e^y 

3. Neighbor! n gStruc tures 

Style: djolbniap Federal Greek Revival Gothic Re vival ItaliajiJmi^-J^ombard Rom. 
Venetian Gothic Mansard Richardsonian ^ ModefrT ^> (<D</eev. ^n^g 

Use: Residential ^ommercTa^ Religious Conditions: Excellent (Soo<p Fair Deteriorated 



GIVE A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF HISTORIC IMPORTANCE OF SITE (Refer and elaborate on 
theme circled on front of form) 

7h<£ favtf fXfrf o-f -+p>£ hcuSiL W&S built' Se-m&kmtG, 
'1^733* /+' 4*9 gl lrte/c ore** <^J /<*r&L fettle 



/M /^Vjr ^ &tc>r^& ~TrQW ftr%, hi* OYrry V>S& » 73 
/**o^ /k«^ jzvrvhoi serf fr<r~m Sohmerm /W r a>**^ 

deed j wfie*> Mr, c*^ /V^fS , /farry & Aja«, 6k />*t~C />a 9k? 
M* pIciCB At^ M W / Tr*w C^/iA»y *W /ty«^ 

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND/OR REFERENCE 



RESTRICTIONS 



Original Owner:. 



Deed Information: Book Number 



Page. 



Registry of Deeds 




Form B. 10M-6 71-049688 n <1 <? 



niiOmffiM PTC?.? Tl 



*iB»lr 




+■* (W% 4kt- house vel#e*4e«L 



inn 



3-^ 




MB 



BIBI MMK i 

toJmwIW Arc RS^b 



^ 




'i-?o 



ORM B - BUILDING 

ASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 




m 



m 




»n East Bridgewater 



ress 133 North 'Bedford Stre et 

toric Name Rcl/riZJ^-^lclrU I l~k>!> 



Present^ HnmP 



Original Home 



ESCRIPTION: 

by 1791* William Robinson (bought 
with buildings from Alden, 1733) 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 



.1 »» * • J-fc/v 



Source William Allen's Chronological 
Tables , 1863: "Marcus Robinson died a?" 
Style Cape ? withcenter gable an d t-;v.i 



center chimneys. 
Architect Unk n own* Tradition says "the 
same builder as the "Toll House*" TTndocM-n 
Exterior wall fabric yjop^ a y, \ n r -\ Pfl 



*/«' 




Outbuildings Garage , 20th c. Shop 1.8^0' : • 



Major alterations (with dates)Cehtor 






t 



chimney replaced by two, 1820-30(7). Horv 
turne d to face turnpike, by 1816. dab]^ 

The Widow Robinsons dower (1818) included 
"a privilege in the (then just on e) Oven," 



Moved __jninQfidL 



Da te \y T i o-\ c. 



Recorded by Joan 3» Leland 



Organization East Bridgewater Hist Coram 
Da te Kay 2lu I98J4 



Approx. acreage Less than one,, 

S e 1 1 i n g Front on Route 18: Back, with 
lilacs and picket fence, on "the old 
road" just above the Forge Pond. Sit* 
at a conspicuous angle to the "turnpike" 
(1806 » Route 18). 









* 72. He was born, lived and died in the same room" (known to be this house)*, 

(Staple additional sheets here) 



. 



3 -37 



in 
■ 



■ ■ Kb 

■■■v.'" - 



Mi 



>mc: 



ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) Typical of 
period except for side-by-side division and twin chimneys. Interior 
largely modernized* Significant in its juxtaposition to nearly every 
change in mode of travel experienced by the town: "the old road," 17U6; 
the "Turnpike," 1805-06; the railroad, I81j6-192£; trolley service, 1897- 
19295 rerouting of Route 18 under the railroad, 1880' s. This house 
hss calmly survived at the very intersection of all these changes while 
its original 5>0-acre setting has dwindled to less than half an acre. 




HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

(17^? -1816, "yeoman/' "Forgeman," "Refiner"), 
William Robinson/ with his lands extending to the very "floom of the hammer 
wheel" at the forge of Forge Pond, was probably a key operator there for 
most of his life. This family and that of the Siddalls to whom they were 
related, were all involved in the manufacture of iron products to within 
the memory of townspeople , living today, who still talk about Charlie 
Siddall's blacksmith shop (which stood just south of the Robinson-Siddall 
house). 

Mr. Chester Hill, who ftas owned 'the whole house for nearly forty years, 
worked until his retirement as a last worker at Woodard and Wright. His 
son-in-law is an executive in the merged company (Brockton). 



BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

William Allen's Chronological Tables 

Mitchell's History of Bridgewater 

Plymouth County Deeds' '71:127; Probate docket 17128, old series (a charming picture 

• of the original estate is drawn in the "Assignment of the Widow's Dower," 1818). 

waps of East Bridgewater, 1798, 1829, 181*8, 18£7, 1879, 1903. 



3-$^ 



10M - 7/1 



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Divisio n oT the Estate, of Willi am Robinson, Decease d, April 8, 18 20 

Pursuant to a Warrant to us directed by the Hon, Joshua Thomas, Esq, 
Judge of Probate, of Wills etc. for the County of Plymouth - 

We the Subscribers, having been sworn as the S d Warrant directs, have 
made division of the Real Estate of Wm Robinson, Deceased, as directed in 
S" Warrant, (having notified the parties in teres ted, who vrere present by 
themselves or representatives) in the following manner viz, We have set 
off to Wm Robinson a Son of the S d Deceased, a Lot of pasture land adjoiaina 
the Forge Pond, containing $ acres & an half, bounded as followeth, 
beginning at a Stake in the Corner of Gen-*-. Sylvanus Lazell's land & in the 
line of Marlborough Whittings land - Thence North [exact tneasurements, but 
no other boundaries mentioned} to the bound first mentioned -- 

We have Set off to Marcus Robinson, another Son of S d Deceased, as his 
Share one hundred & eight, one hundred. & Seventieth part of the Northerly half 
of the dwelling house, with all the privileges belonging to the same & to 
include the land Northerly of a line thro the Centre of S d house from the 
Turnpike to the old road, containing 20 rods, more or less, bounded by the 
Turnpike Westerly & the old road easterly untill they intersect, the whole 
of S ti half of tjgghousn & land is valued a t 170 Dollars, & his Share may be 
expressed thus pyg ths of the Same — 

We have assigned & set off to Sarah Robinson a Daughter of S<* Deceased - 
the residue of the aforesaid half part of S d house & land being j« ths part 
thereof, also Sixty rods of land at the lower End of the Orchard lot Southerly 
of the house, bounded as followeth, beginning at aStake & Stones by the old 
road k Gen". Sylvanus Lazell's land Thence [bounded by the Turnpike and the 
old road, but not by the pond). — 

, We have assigned and Set off to Mary H. Robinson, another Daughter of 
£L Deceased Two acres one quarter & twenty rods of pasture land, adjoining 
& is a part of the lot Set off to William - bounded as followeth, beginning 
at the corner of land owned by Marcus Robinson Thence . . . East ... in 
the line of the Widow's dower Thence West ... to a Stake by Wm's lot, 
Thence West in hi3 line. . . to a Stake in the line of Dan . Alger's land, 
Thence East ... to the bounds first mentioned in this piece. — Also 
the Easterly half of the Barn with all the privileges annexed to the same, 
also the Corn 3arn standing Easterly of the house on land set off to the Widow 
as part of her Dower. 

We have assigned & set off to Maria D. Robinson another Daughter of 3 d 
Deceased as her share One hundred & eleven rods of land, being the Northerly 
end of the Orchard Southerly of t he house, bounded as followeth, [between 
the house lot and Sarah's section, bounded by the turnpike, but not reaching 
to "the old road"J. 

Given under our hands this 8th day of April ADom. 1320 — 

3enj. Pratt 
Simeon Pratt 
Nathan Mitchell 



Registry of Probate Bk 69, Pg 128; Docket no. 17128 



H 

§ 






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3 -S3 



Assignment of Dower for Hannah, Widow of William Robinson, August 23, 1818 

Pursuant to the Above Warrant we the subscribers have taken a view of the 
Real Estate of William Robinson Late Deceased and have Set of to Hannah 
Robinson widow her Dower in maner following Viz one acre & one half of 
Meadow Lying in Snells meadow, so Galled bounded as follows Viz at Levi 
Keith»s Corner in Kinjnan*s Range thence Easterly in Keiths range to the 
River thence northerly by the River to include one acre *c one half in a 
parallel line with Keiths meadow* Also one half of the Dwelling house being 
the south part with a Priviledge in the Cellar and Oven and a garden at the 
south end of the house inclosed by Currant Bushes. Also one other piece of 
land by Estimation Seven acres bounded as follows Viz Begining at the 
Turnpike by a heap of stones thence westerly to the middle of the Barn then 
north through the middle of the Barn including the West end of the Barn thence 
Southerly by the Barn to the stone wall thence westerly by the stone wall 
including a Passage Way Down the Lane to a Walnut Tree & thence in the same 
Range to a Stake & Stones thence Southerly by a heap of Stones to a Large 
Stump in the pond thence Easterly by the Channel to the Turnpike thence 
northerly by sd Turnpike to the bounds first mentioned. Also one half of 
a Pew in the East meeting house in Bridgewater. 



Bridgewater August 23 1818 



Lot Whitmarsh 
Ephraim Hyde 



;m 



Benj 1 ' 1 Robinson Jr. 



Plymouth, May Uth, 1818 the foregoing assignment of 
Dower to Hannah the Widow of William Robinson 
deceased having been sworn to us certified on the 
warrant & the same having been duly considered 
is hereby satisfied & conferred - 

J Thomas J Roly 1?J 




Registry of Probate, 3k 1*9, Pg 302; Docket no. 17128 



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FO RM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
^rr:„~ ~f fu oo^rptarv state House. Boston 



In Area no. 



Form no 






in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 



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Description: 

Date /79</ 

Source Jgg^T 

style ( hp er O od C rf fa P & 

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Exterior wall fabric 



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a/r/s 



Outbuildings (describe) Jy^y/*/? 



Other features 1/ Grl/kn r) € i/S 



Altered 



Date 



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Moved 



Date 



5. Lot size: 

One acre, or less 



Approximate frontage £?JZ 00 



Over one acre **"* U 





Approximate distance of building from street (^ 

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6. Recorded by &/»* Z* W % t'hri or* fy ^ 
Organization ^* B. M^gf-* Q r-y*-f . «jj 
Date /X up . / * , )Q 7 £ 



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7. Original owner (if known) Johh l?enl 4- *T / j0*r/~ q"A 0ri*fr>fl*k4 / ^ \ 

. , , /==Lm /***f prey*-/- <& ddhh ^3<nyJ^ 



Original use /*g7/-/'»? 

Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural *•*** 

Architectural ***"" 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development^* 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political ^ 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

~%plci fteaci /?95*< <Jo hn !t/fj>e± /? 9 t . Z * k>9 V~ .£?A+r*/.M.r 
V/sAitj AeSrS d^ John 3Vff^*&» rtrfcfi lam*/ cur>cj 

A^/Jy Quvrtfy c//)sfcf& pmeotriy • ^^nry J><sy$ *7*rft4.f 

/J*hiy CPumoy^ oiYnts>J ^r-n-, /SPs* •& /<A?jr 
Sevtira/ veate *^ -t*^ School f 6oaAx>{ *W ^^ 

, 10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records, 
early maps, etc. ) 



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FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
2^«KASHINGT0N STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 





Iress 77 A/orrfn -Hm-hr*! ^. 

itoric Name fa^h Afa+hrj nltfl ^ no X9 



;: Present /h^o-mr 
Original /fr y^r 



ASCRIPTION : 



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SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 



Source H/??,, A Wt^As £ li V,rr>o \<,r> ^ 



Style EeZeL&jCELjL 



C/b 



Architect 



Exterior wall fabric 




Outbuildings 



Major alterations (with dates) 



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rv^*d£o-vi S^r^vh 



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Approx. acreage A,egy J-^a^, I cL*r* f 
Setting [SI -easy ge^fe^ <?/ Hivu-^ . J 
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HI^f6RI(5LSIGNIFICANS (Explain the rol(T owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community. ) 

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BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name 6£ publication, author, date andT publisher ) 

VctfDiuui Wy Ir-Hal CUJ/^-l^-3,, PoLl/^. Library 

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FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 





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Address /¥£ M Cenhr-g/ Sj- r <-^~t 
Historic Name tJc/Hi Uvyn H / c ks, 

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Use: Present rrcrh^ &, 



Original l~hr-^ (b 



DESCRIPTION: 
Date Wd- /fat'S 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 





Source \AJ m, A/ltinZ f^PQ.nrds 

Style Sma// Cc db zOZt 

Architect 



Exterior wall fabric Clan&oa.rds 
Outbuildings A/^ 



Major alterations (vith dates) 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreage / /A 




Recorded by t^d na /» \A/ln ,' h^t or & ■ 
Organization C /£?, Hi stl GnYY\ mi s- s* ', m* 
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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

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RM B - BUILDING 

SSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

I Washington street, boston, ma 02108 



I /LK£H 




• 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. >J 




Recorded by .Tog* 8. LeJu^JL 

Organization fgf/ BuQdfCtiteJzcJj& f Gmm 



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t^asf BridyZuJoJcr 



Address /gg g_ €&&£& / St. 



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DESCRIPTION: 
Date ^^, &53- 



Source P\ L , &, £)^,^ 



Style &r-e,e~L jQ&ui i/cl£ 



Architect iJnkmuj/i. ftulUbuTnJlfafHbir lam 
Exterior wall fabric \AIodcL 



Outbuildings £heA. 



Major alterations (with dates) fi?r~/n 



Moved 



Date 



Approx. acreage Ac ft, / ^^rc . 
Setting f?PJ*izl&r>A JJ intiyhhrbtocA)' 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



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ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANT Cn -u • 

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tU-fas d*e>knenrzikj> 0r - ±h m>±cJ-e^±dL bu develop m*<rOh* 



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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCF fv™i*i„ +u<. i 

Joseph Ck&sdo^rlcu^) -tfu ^y^hr^fitt^-s^^ buuJoU^, proh^ML 
One m+si" prvmtna^J erujyia^r- iajtl^. &r>u>s Hu^ctc^ 9 i^r-Ao 

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FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 






o jvl j. un iinx 



Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 




Recorded by £dhcp L- lA/£;tmarfi, 
Organization £. #. //, - x T. /"on yr, /jj *'o ^ 
Date *5)°„/-. / ^ /Q^" 



dress /ft,^ Czndml &L* 

storic Name ^ g j- 7^ /r/yn/yr-y ^ckc&I 



e: Present /£» *///r*i ^£ // 
Original School 



DESCRIPTION: 



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Source /£/^/o ^^ r-7^ //7//r> / /4 //g^> 
Style /fe ,g J-&^yj? o I rur~ Lcr^ & ^/c/& 



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V s 



Exterior wall fabric Wood rf/anhocLtcl^. 
Outbuildings 

Major alterations (with dates) 



i — i 

r& early ^ /9 fak—bar m rear -S 



Moved 



Date 









Approx. acreage Qocr / <zCr& 

Setting c9 n JYavR/fec/* mad //nipc/ S 



LP 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



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ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

7hUt iA-..±U& . -fir-^JL XL£\M-£rvJ.ej. ...b.ulldl'hA- &nC<L ii\.ej clays <rf- ~M&__.o~na* rov-rn, 

school • J+ JlcuL. A-wb roo-ms bo\ f H~ $id_£*_h.y. ^id.^.jS^^r^Jt^.^^^^^^.hea. 

Wood a/cipbouY<j& kv>'i~^x h°r<' -2o-r?i-*/ \/e r -hca I cw,cl ^ '•' tea o-nn & / board sfrr/ps' 

&//ow<lc/ Lv) /ftt <Som<L s^s-ips -k> be- replaced afy^u bonding- pG'^'&d 

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

\vw A//*^ Wrote /*j7^J - New koose^ a -^~- l/^est Pr.' yna^y ' /t hsud ou(/f~ 
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fin */. m^/{- /r^s used -fm, L^!(rn me&f/Ty^Sj Casud pasth'tu, £>e^>^A cjcuwi*4 

cvryvrf -.-<&&.. id /y° .. y#/!*S* ^^a^j l-QPSJ d-v Si-n ."rf 7?r~#7%^iS £>& i~*^~LA*S. 

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BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 
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FORM B - BUIL DING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office oi the Secretary, State House, Boston 



in relation to nearest cross streets and 
other buildings. Indicate north. 




(over) 



In Area no. 



Form no. 



mSr. 




l. Town &\ ST g£i QSgwa TErA- 

Address 3 18 hSoZTH CE*/TGfiL *T 

Present use H^7 Al £T 



Present owner J^>UN "P. B t/£ K£^ 



Description: 
Date_Jg£^eg; 



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Source RgTS . * F 1> ETE \>Z 

style d APE rnT) Pn-rTAGt 

Architect 

Exterior wall fabric V/0Oj> St+{tf(rt£^ 

Outbuildings (describe) f\/oM^" 

Other features 



Altered 



Date 



Moved 



Date 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less \/ / ' Over one acre 
Approximate frontage / *XO f^T, 






Approximate distance of building from street^. 

lo pr» 

6. Recorded by f; f^J , \A O U G-HT(2?fiJ 



Organization ffl.S'f &(WD&e»1ATe&- 



Date 



fhoh*MlL a i 



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nMUiV 



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.7 . ' 7 



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7. Original o\yner (if known) fe"^gftZ£^ l<J?lT\4 
4 Original use ti*2>M g 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 

8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 
Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 

Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 

Religion 

Science/ 

invention 
Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

IN ($57 "Thomas umif£ o>MVcyET> property t*tc.L\Jx>t*t<z-ThH$ Hoo^r 

To Ttf©*M Aril> Ah/A/ "bAfc-fcELL, \M £4A/Si&£#ATfMi dSTTW^-/*?. 

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PAfc££U~5 3o^T> (T 7b NAmtAtilEL V^At/G-H*(, ^« *>/£>&>. 

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mill! MAKTM VAu*»*,fULo«iNGr 7Wr^^ W ^^1 
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FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston 



In Area no. 



Form no. 




DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 
USGS Quadrant 



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Outbuildings (describe) (Qr\e \r>$sr"r\ 
Other features 



Altered po<CcW Date 



Moved 



Date 



5. Lot size: 

One acre or less 



Over one acre 



y/ 



Approximate frontage / Q O y-'J Z 



Approximate distance of building from street 



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Original use_ Rr^^e^cg. 



Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 



8. Themes (check as many as applicable) 



Aboriginal 

Agricultural 

Architectural 

The Arts 

Commerce 

Communication 

Community development 



Conservation 
Education 
Exploration/ 
settlement 
Industry 
Military 
Political 



Recreation 
Religion 
Science/ 
invention 

Social/ 

humanitarian 
Transportation 



9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) 

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FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 





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ASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
«M\SHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 



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Indicate north. 




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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

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FOKM B - BUILDING 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
Z^? Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad 



OicS 'CCcs'b 



rffcfaAn 



Town East Bridqewater 





Vhborhood or village) West Village, near 



ILLL1 



480 North Central Street 



ame John Hayward, Jr. 



nt single family dwelling 



pal farmhouse: shoe fartnry in w^ct- o i } 

1846-1897 
hstruction Cape, 169?; farmhouse, 1760; 

In-law addition, 1846-47 
lyrriQUth County land records 



Antique Cape Cottagp with two attachec 
ells 

filder unknown 

ferial: 



D'-<ra> a map showing the buildings location in relation to the 
nWrest cross streets mtd/cr major natural features. Show all 
buildings between inventoried building and nearest intersec- 
tion or natural feature. Label streets including route numbers, 
if any. Circle and number the inventoried building. Indicate 




H./t 



Foundation XiaLd st nnp ru bble 



Wall/Trim cedar sh ingles over original clapboa rd 

Roof asphalt shingles : 

Outbuildings/Secondary Structures nnnp — barn 

foundation still present on west side. 

Major Altera dons (with dates) 1785-Q3: farmhrmsp mn vp. 
and attached to west rear of Cape, Federal-sty 1< 
improvements made interior /exterior; 1846-47: 
in-law ell built and house made two-family 
dwelling 

Condition _£air_ 

Moved G no $yes Date 1792: farmhouse moved 
from east end of property and attached 
Acreage i \ 



Recorded by J € 2m€ £* Wfr < ft 

\ tfese arched > ~ 

Organization i^_StJ^>.J^ water Hi st orical Sa<ne+L{ 
Date (month/year) _.&ly % Wf f 



Setting Th is h ome is s ituated 47 feet from the 
street on the top of a knoll. The property 
slopes from the rear nf the house and the lane 
to a natural pond in a wooded setting. 



■» 



roihs! Massachusetts Historical Commission Stiruc)' Manual instructions for completing this form. 



3- it>3 




*? 



<iQ\ - C 



BUILDING FORM 



MCHTTECTURAL DESCRIPTION B j«r continuation sheet 
cribe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 

This uniquely styled home at 480 North Central Street was originally constructed in 1693 
as a five-bay, center chimney Cape Cottage (measuring 34V X 30'). The massive arched 
fieldstone chimney foundation (10 '9" X 10' 9" X 6') rises to the first floor where its 
structure then becomes small, ballast-type bricks, measuring only 7" X 3" X IV' , and 
ranging in color from salmon to rusty brown. The Cape sits upon a fieldstone rubble 
foundation, and in the low cellar the original 6"-10" whole-log floor joists may still 
be seen. Wide pine flooring, original to the home, is intact and measures 8"-17", even 
in the attic areas. On the first floor, Federal-style renovations, such as the molded 
plaster ceiling in the dining room and the carved rope door frames in the parlor, are 
evident. Despite modern renovations to the windows, the pegged window frames are in 
place. The first floor rooms have horizontal, single-board wainscoting with plaster 
(over split lath) above the chair rail, as well as exposed corner posts. The original 
staircase is intact in the west rear of the Cape, its treads turning sharply and 
narrowly to the second floor. Originally, these stairs led to only one bed chamber 
(with a small fireplace), but two more were added during the Federal years. This is 
shown by the difference in the split lath and very dark grey plaster as opposed to the 
cut lath, horse hair plaster on the west side bedrooms, (cont'd) 

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE see continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) 

the owners/occupants played within the community. 

Less than a mile from the "Centre Tree", the property upon which John Hayward, Jr. 
(Called "John of Matfield") built this home in 1693 is part of the original Bridgewater 
^jrant to the men of Duxbury (1649). Born in 1667, John Jr. was the eldest son of "John 
fRayward of the Plain" and, in part, inherits some of the land through his father as veil 
as purchasing parcels from John Howard, his uncle Thomas Hayward, Nicholas Byram and 
Joseph Edson, creating a farm of over 100 acres. Thomas Snell, one of the largest land- 
owners in Bridgewater, gifts John, Jr. an acre for his kindness. In 1697, John, Jr. 
married Susanna Edson, daughter of Samuel Edson, who owned the abutting properties to 
the North and West, and granddaughter of Deacon Samuel Edson. They had two daughters: 
Susanna (1699) and Sarah (1703) before John, Jr. died suddenly in 1705. The widow 
married Elihu Brett, Jr. the following year, remaining in the home. Upon their marriages 
Susanna (now Brett) conveys to each of them (in equal halves) their deceased father's 
lands, as well as his house. Susanna and Joshua Howard sold their share to Sarah and 
her husband Josiah Winslow, Jr. in 1725, retaining only 12 acres to the west. 

In 1731, Sarah and Josiah Winslow "trade" farms with Joseph Keith, Jr. grandson of 
Bridgewater 's first minister, the Reverend James Keith. Being required as executor to 
settle his father's estate, Joseph wished to return to the Bridgewater area. The 
property, now 75 acres, becomes known as the "Keith Homestead", (cont'd) 

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES Q see continuation sheet 

United States Federal Census Records, 1790-1880 
'State of Massachusetts Census Records, 1855, 1865 
/State of Massachusetts Tax Records, 1798 
Historical Maps of East Bridgewater: 1798, 1832, 1848, 1879, 1887 

Miner, Robert G. Colonial Architecture in Massachusetts , New York: Arrow Press/Crown 
Publishers, 1977. 



Cummings, Abbott L. The Framed Houses of Massachusetts Bay , Cambridge, MA: Belknap 
^ress, 1979. 

D Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Statement form. 



INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Town 



East-, Rridgewater 



Property Address 

480 North Central Stre et 



Area(s) 


Form No. 







Massachusetts Historical Commission 
m ssachusetts archives building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION (continued) 

In the attic, the roof structure remains as was originally constructed in 1693. The 
massive, hand-hewn beams which support the rafters are carved with short, deeply imbedded 
Roman numerals which had indicated to the housewrights of the day which particular beams 
intersected. Most of the structural wood in the house is of cedar or oak. The original 
split-log purlins, their flat sides facing upward, still support the vertical roof boards. 

Attached to the west rear of the Cape is a farmhouse constructed in 1760, and moved from 
the easterly edge of the property to its current location in 1792. This is also a center 
chimney structure, measuring 30V X 18V overall. The center chimney foundation is merely 
a pile of rocks. At one end, four rocks standing atop each other support the corner of the 
hearth in the dirt crawl space below. On the first floor, the firebox is small, measuring 
only 36" X 36" X 16" deep, but the beehive oven, situated to the upward left of the firebox, 
is enormous. The iron door, with a controllable vent, is marked Custer and Robinson, Boston. 
A very unique feature in this chimney is the built-in caldron to the rear of the firebox. 
Although the caldron itself is no longer in the house, the hole it should rest in measures 
24" X 24" at a height of 30". Underneath, wood had been placed underneath the caldron through 
an iron door. One additional upstairs fireplace feeds into this single-flue chimney. 

In the farmhouse attic, once again original structuring is still in place. This roof, as 
well as in the Cape, lacks a ridge beam, and its massive hand-hewn timbers are still held 
together with tree nails that jut out from their tendoned joints. The purlins are cut, rather 

kan the split-log type seen in the Cape. An unusual feature of this gable roof is the 1" 
boarding strips that are used as braces for the rafters. The connecting section between the 
farmhouse and the Cape has never been altered, and the vertical sheathing on the farmhouse as 
well as the horizontal sheathing on the Cape can easily be seen. This sheathing in both 
houses varies in width from 15" to some boards of 30". 

The last remnant of the porch which once graced the farmhouse facade is a fluted pillar, 
now standing at the corner of the side entry way. 

The last major renovations to the structure of this home took place in the last months of 
1846 and into 1847. An additional ell was added to the east side, measuring 15V X 18' 9" 
overall. It was actually built into the side of a hill, and from ground level, rises three 
stories. The ground level, however, leads into a dirt cellar which in turn leads into the 
low cellar of the Cape. In addition to adding this ell, it was at this time that the house 
was literally split into two halves. The front entry way was altered, and a north-south 
interior wall constructed in what was the great kitchen of the Cape. Until 1996, the home 
had functioned as a two-family dwelling. The current owners have returned the house to a 
single family home. 

The entire house was cedar-shingled in 1989 over the existing clapboards. During the 
Federal period, a facade of dentils was added under the front roof line. Although a cement 
second step has been added to the original granite block to access the front door, it was 
done when the front doorway was made smaller and higher off the ground. The current owners 
have excavated the original stone steps leading up from the street (built into the knoll). 
Near to these is an old well, marked with a circle of flat stones, some chipped away to conform 
to the circular shape. 

Due to the simple fact that this area remained the property of one family for so long, 
this house retains its historical significance for two reasons: that there have been no 
changes to the original structures (other than to add on) and that there is only one other 
inter chimney Cape of this vintage in the neighborhood (at the junction of West Union and 
North Central Streets). The home's very distinct look has survived the ravages of time and 
modernization. The only structural problems at this time are with the foundation of the Cape, 
and the current owners have had to build new interior walls in the cellar. 

1/95 



3- \0l\o 



INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
^Massachusetts Archives Building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Town Property Address 

East Bridgewater 480 North Central Str e 



Arca(s) 


Form No. 







HISTORICAL NARRATIVE (continued) 



In the years between 1732 and 1753, Joseph Keith, Jr. adds parcels to the homestead, 
establishing a farm of more than 200 acres. Beginning in 1754, however, he began to give 
and/or sell parcels of the homestead to his seven sons. In 1759, shortly after the death of 
his wife, Susanna (daughter of Captain John Field), he sells this house and surrounding 35 
acres to his third son, David (born 1728), retaining only "56 rods of land on the easterly 
boundary" for himself. Joseph built a farmhouse in 1760 on that tract of land, and remarried 
in 1763. (NOTE: This is the farmhouse which was moved and attached to the rear of this home.) 
In 1760, David Keith bought the lands that his father had previously sold to his brothers, as 
well as additional parcels to the south and west. 

Historically, perhaps the most significant person to reside in this home was David Keith. 
A blacksmith by trade, he built the very first iron rolling and slitting mill in America in 
1760. The ultimate businessman, David not only expanded his mill endeavors at a rapid rate, 
but at the same time he bought out most of the competing forges and mills in the area, placing 
family members in charge of their operations. He invested his profits in real estate, and 
amassed a small fortune for the time. However, during these profitable years, his wife Jemima 
(daughter of Deacon Thomas Whitman) died, leaving him with five young children. A year later 
(1772) David married a widowed cousin, Charity Brett (daughter of Jonathan Kingman) and had 
two more sons . 
W The onset of the Revolutionary War saw an increase in David's business. Yet David, along 

with sons David, Jr. (died 1778) and Levi all served in the Continental Line. During the war 
years, David's rolling and slitting mill served to process the iron used in the making of arms. 

By 1785, having created his empire, David sold this home and the easterly half of his 
homestead to his then eldest son, Levi. Across the lane, to the westerly, he built a larger, 
more stately home. Upon his purchase of this house, Levi Keith undertook the first major 
renovations of the home. It is in this time period that the Colonial Cape is given a more 
"Federal look". (See Architectural Description) 

Levi's most unusual contribution to the style of this home was the addition of his grand- 
father's farmhouse to the west side of the Cape in 1792. After Joseph Keith, Jr.'s death in 
1777, David Keith then sold the farmhouse on its' "56 rods of land" to Jonathan Curtis, who in 
turn sold it to Thomas and William Latham, who were employed as nailers. After the Lathams hac 
difficult financial problems, the house was lost and sold at public auction in 1786 to an 
Abington man by the name of Amos Shaw. Levi not only locates Mr. Shaw, but paid him four 
times the auction price to return the farmhouse and 56 rods of land to the Keiths. Between 
1790 and 1792, Levi moved the farmhouse to its present location. 

In 1793, in an unusual chain of deeds, Levi returns possession of the easterly part of 
the homestead "and all the buildings theron" to his father David. David Keith then re-issues 
deeds to this same parcel, however, this time the same easterly parcel is given to Levi and 
his younger brother Zenas jointly. The westerly half of the homestead (as well as the "big" 
house) is retained by David for his two youngest sons, Calvin and David Jr. II. The lane on 
the westerly side of this home formed a partial boundary between the two halves of the 
homestead. 

Although David Keith was now aged, he still remained in control of the iron rolling and 
slitting mill. He had sold off most of the other businesses as well as a large portion of his 
real estate holdings. It would appear to most that he was prepared to retire, yet he once 
W again began to gamble in the real estate markets. His two eldest sons, Levi and Zenas, having 
been educated well by their father, purchased forges, water rights, mills, and ultimately, the 
Orr Works (a huge conglamerate of mills and a forge bordering the Keiths' lands to the east). 
By 1820, David's sons were owners of two major, interconnected corporations: Levi Keith 






1/95 



( 






INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Town 



Massachusetts Historical Commission 
massachusetts archives building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Property Address 

Rash BEldgBPter 480 Nnrhh Central Str/PPr. 

Area(s) Form No. 



HISTORICAL NARRATIVE (continued) 



II 



and Sons and Zenas Keith and Sons. 

However, by 1810, it was evident that David Keith had made some miscalculations in the 
market. In need of capital, he and sons Calvin and David, Jr. II mortgage the home and 
property on the westerly side of the homestead. Tragedy struck several times, with the 
untimely death of David, Jr. II in 1810, and David himself in 1812, Calvin was left to 
support the remaining family members and pay the large mortgage they had taken out in 1810. 
By 1813, the westerly part of the homestead is put up at public auction. Unwilling to 
allow their stepmother, Charity, and the family to become homeless, Levi and Zenas purchase 
the property at the auction, agreeing that the family should remain in the home. Levi and 
Zenas, at that time, own the entire homestead that was once their father's. 

Upon their stepmother's death in 1819, Levi and Zenas agreed on the division of their 
holdings with a line drawn directly through the center. This property remained in Levi's 
possession, with the addition of the westerly parcel that had been David's, as well as the 
home David had built. Levi allows his eldest son, Levi, Jr. to reside in this house, and 
moves across the lane. In the following years, a progression of family members inhabit this 
home, including Levi's nephew David Noble Keith (1830). About 1832, Levi's younger son, 
Heman Keith, takes possession of the home with his wife, Silvester (daughter of Captain 
Simeon Curtis) . 

David's rolling and slitting mill burned to the ground in 1829, but this does not seem 
to inhibit the Keith businesses. Their ownership of a nail factory, mills and other forges 
provided them with income as well as the necessary capital to rebuild. In 1835, the Keith 
family reconstructed a new mill near where the old had been and opened for business as the 
Keith Iron Works. 

The downturn of the young nation's economy during the 1837 "Crash" severely strained 
the business operations of the Keiths. The adverse strain of the economic climate as well 
as low water levels due to a very dry season (causing little river water to run the 
water wheels) left the Keiths in a difficult situation. Having no other recourse, they 
mortgaged all their property and homes to a Boston banker on a three-year note. By 1841, 
they were unable to make the final payment. In March of 1842, the once prosperous Keith 
family stood helplessly as their homes were put on the auction block. 

Although the large homestead had been split into several parcels for the auction, 
Captain Simeon Curtis'(father-in-law to Levi's son Heman) purchased the westerly tract of the 
homestead and David's house, returning the property to Levi Keith and his family. This 
home and 5 acres of land was purchased by Franklin Keith, son of Benjamin Keith and Sally 
Edson, and great-grandson of Joseph Keith, Jr. It would seem likely that he was unwilling 
to allow the property and home to leave the family's possession. 

In 1846, Franklin Keith sold "one undivided half" of the home and property to his father 
Benjamin. The home was then renovated in the last months of 1846 and into 1847. Original 
newspaper discovered under the floor boards in the east wing has confirmed this date. Per 
the deed records and structural changes that date from that period, confirmation is made 
of the fact that the home went from a large single family dwelling to a two family dwelling. 

In the rear of both floors of the farmhouse ell, Benjamin and Franklin Keith made their 
shoe factory. A wide side door, since removed, served to allow loading and unloading of 
materials and finished shoes into wagons as they pulled in from the lane on the west side 
of the property. Windows were added in the west upstairs wall, allowing the shoemakers to 
work with as much natural light as possible. Wooden shoe forms, tiny nails, pieces of 
leather and some unfinished shoes were found in the attic above this room. 



I 



1/95 



c 






NVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET 

vIassachusetts Historical Commission 

vlftsACHUSETTS ARCHIVES BUILDING 

120 Morrissey Boulevard 
3oston, Massachusetts 02125 



Town Property Address 

East Bridgewater 480 North Central Street 



Arca(s) 


Form No. 







HISTORICAL NARRATIVE (continued) 



III 



Franklin and his wife, Lucy Churchill Keith, had only one surviving child, a daughter 
Hannah Churchill Keith, born in 1843. She married Ezekiel Bartlett, a shoemaker, in 1863. 
Although four children were born to the marriage, only one son, Harry Churchill Bartlett, 
survived childhood. 

The home continued to function as a two family dwelling of related persons. After 
Sally Keith died in 1864, and Benjamin in 1871, Franklin and Lucy Keith lived on one side 
and Ezekiel, Hannah and young Harry Bartlett on the other. When Harry married E. Isabelle 
Ramsdell in 1898, they set up their household on the west side of the home. However, tragedy 
struck early in the marriage. In 1905, Harry was killed in the Grover Shoe Factory disaster, 
leaving his young wife and three small children. Isabelle remained in the home and taught 
school in the community. She never married again, and is fondly remembered in the town. 

Upon Isabelle' s death in 1960, her son Richard Bartlett sold the home. It was the 
first time in 229 years that this home would not be owned or occupied by the Keiths or 
their decendants. 

Despite the fact that the home has had five owners in the past 37 years, comparatively 
little had been done to renovate or remodel the home. In 1978, some of the Cape fireplaces 
were covered over and a hearth removed, but these were once again opened last year. The 
exterior land was graded away from the foundation, exposing more of the foundation and 
causing the' necessity of several steps to access the east door, which originally was 
entered only with a 6" granite stoop. 

The current owners have planned an extensive renovation to return the home to 
structural stability and restore it to the correct time period. 



3-i03e. 



1/95 






( 



**'-* 



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m 



NVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET 

vIassachusetts Historical Commission 

vUfcsACHUSETTS ARCHIVES BUILDING 

120 Morrissey Boulevard 
3oston, Massachusetts 02125 



Town Property Address 

East Bridgewater 480 North Central Stree t 

Area(s) Form No. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY (continued) 

Schuler, Stanley, The Cape Cod House , West Chester, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 1982. 

Doherty, Katherine M. ed. History Highlights: Bridgewater, Massachusetts , Taunton, MA: 
William S. Sullwold Publishing, 1976. 

Mitchell, Nahum, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater , Boston: Kidder and 
Wright, 1840. 

Light, Sally House Histories , New York: Golden Press, Inc., 1995. 

Allen, William, History of East Bridgewater, Massachusetts from Hurd's History of Plymouth 
County , reprinted by the East Bridgewater Historical Commission, with permission, 1884. 

Wilson, David K., The East Bridgewater Sesguicentennial: 1823-1973 , Bridgewater, MA: 
Lion Print, 1973. 

Whitehead, Russell F. and Frank Chouteau Brown, Colonial Architecture in Massachusetts , 
Boston: Arno Press, 1977. 

Schuler, Stanley, Architectural Details from Old New England Homes , West Chester, PA: 
Schiffer Publishing, 1987. 

Brownstone, Douglass L. A Field Guide to America's History , New York: Facts On File, Inc., 
1984. 

Kennedy, Roger G., ed. The Smithsonian Guide to Historic America , New York: Stewart, 
Tabouri 5, Chang, 1989. 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY LAND RECORDS: 



14592,177 

4537,10-11 

4412,225 

3645,711 

2823,20-21 

2787,330 

284,160 

256,178 

215,275 

206,117 

206,1 

201,74 
188,174 

137,133 



124,241 

75,24 

75,18 

75,30 

64,89 

52,97 

52,96 

30,202-203 

27,6-7 

15,68-69 

15,34 

11,215 

7,283 



3-f 



1/95 



FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

fc WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 




WQ 




£cl€T 'Brida e w aTt< ' 




SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 
Indicate north. 

A 




Recorded by E d^rj 1U \A; to ; -Kr> ^ r ^ 
Organization £ rj3. H I gt> Ofiyn w> 1 SS\ Q->> 
Date Klosr-e^ih*^ l\ } [ 9<P7 



ress H*oAJor~f& C&*inraJ &+> 

toric Name \\Cvy\cu*\ n €-I-Ht, 



Present ^//r>ig/ 



Original //-fr-r>jg , ^Kat> % loc/ p 
ESCRIPTION: ' n 

/ P-JZ/ 

Source /ft. g a ^ ^ r yf UsWy ■ 1// ^fg v, 

Style ff.yg, g/ffe^e, 

Architect 

Exterior wall fabric Ctctp hn <X r^d S* 
Outbuildings 

Major alterations (with dates) ne^C&vx PT 



5<-<*Mn-n €v1V^W<g^ 



Moved 



Date 



$ 



Approx. acreage A^oJT Ci^i CW. r&, ♦ ^1 
Setting T^pp 1/nvJ S 7> * ct~ . L ^ e ^ ' r 
*£ \AS*S t- T^ai- \sV4*j+ JZJ 

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-10: 



ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

ThSS Is cc Ca/oe* CcT&cua.^ -H^cct* \^ CL duplt^ < for 

m<?5T erf 2 'db u,^dA^ -fvyo om^J^^ *-*<* ..o-P -Hx^ &xs*^lLu ' 

ThM^t. ola,1. W\cla*sU, Sue^ U^PS*&4 i^h ~W>Uj» but" rtrz, (Hri 

s->*SnU."H<rKS- ^ -^ keM-&a*ti€th< foully 

HISTORICAL. SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners .played in local or's'tate 

history and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

WiIWa-ua* V«v\+xrvx cx*<L Willi 1 cutu- Allc^i eta wjY a^nt^ 

7^5- i?UltrK -t*d. cte7^ erf Itt! Swi^S mort v~tf*~€cr»^ ^Ao 
A^ /«J-*f, Thtsi- \rrtt [wt<L in +^*L V\ou<>t ^c^Xxj, W^d% 

?cuTTMh t+^rn/'pai/'^fi/rcco JtV/ltcJ j\ f£ e, 6rrwx^ Shot, <&.' 

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VTcu> ^o(4, "7jOK*Ai? hc^ bw.<U9 -Sat/^A<V 0\Arv^~U <SU*l(u f^)^>. 
BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES (name of publication, author, date and publisher) 

li^^i^ti^a^i^ ) 5 rPV-0-vn, Wvv\ .. A II *vvj £L-l\ y-<rr>o ^ ^ f-^L- lAsiLUasryy 

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by Vorsz* A* b^/v up -b t^-L dt/ -An, uv>/o<uKn* 

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?ORM B - BUILDING 

vIassachusetts Historical Commission 
vfassachusetts archives building 
120 Morrissey Boulevard 
8oston, Massachusetts 02125 



Assessor's Number USGS Quad 



OC 3-&&02 






Area(s) 



Form Number 



Town East Bridaewater 




Place (neighborhood or village) rir^or- Hin f w Qg j- 
^i 11 age 

432 North Central Street 

sfame David Keith/ Sr. 

sent single family dwelling house 

ginal single family dwelling house 

Construction before 1785 



'lymouth County Land Records 
l-m Four-Square Federal Colonial 
S/Builder unknown 



Sketch Map 

Draw a Tftap showing the building's location in relation to the 
nearest cross streets and/or major natural features. Show all 
buildings between inventoried building and nearest intersec- 
tion or natural feature. Label streets including route numbers, 
if any. Circle and number the inventoried building. Indicate 




^Material: 

rounuaiion granitp, block nn rnnrseri nibble 

Wall/Trim vinyl siding over clapboards 

Roof aspha jt shingles 

Outbuildings/Secondary Structures garage (?0th r.) 

Major Alterations (with dates) p11 ^Hrter) i-.n roar 

about 1870 1 • 



Condition p>y^pi i o n f 



Slittniq 

h-it 



Moved Sno Dyes Date 



Acreage more than one acre 



Recorded by Jeanne 3. White 

Organization faat Bndqgtvater Historical $a < UA+ ii 
Date (month/year) xTulu, m? 



Setting >Set bark from the mad on a treed lot ■ 



Pollers Massachusetts Historical Commission Survey Manual instructions for completing this form. 



"3 



BUILDING FORM 

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION H see continuation sheet 

Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. 

■""t 1 "" sr-r* sr« Sf;;p™ir«:s srss.'sisr 

the exterior side walls. ™*l^to the home are constructed of small, ballast-type 

staircase is located in the front of this center *%£***££££ the ^ ingle board, 
retains all of *e origmal mo dings in ^arved, striped patt « ^ ^ has . ^ ^.^ 

^ldin g ranr^nscotf; g .TeUrn g s h in tTe home are just over nine feet, hein g plastered 
between the original hand-hewn beams. 

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Q «* continuation sheet 

Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) 

the owners/occupants played within the community. 

industrial success. It is a home m fant to impress, *nd third son of Joseph Keith II and 

David Keith was born in 1728, the fourth ^^^^^W the Itest Bridgewater/ 

Susanna Field. At the time of his birth, ^e Keiths were i g fanns 

Easton line. In 1730, when his paternal grandfa ^r died, his fa th £ idgeirater . 

with Josiah Winslow, Jr. and brought the J^a™* ^^oon ^^ Hhitaan. in 
David Keith married Jemima Whitman, the only totter ( £ J 6 ^™ ^ (1760) , 

1754 They had five children: David (1755-1778), Abigail U«° J '' id 

Sty (5S) and Zenas (1766). *^^^ B ^/ 7 & 1 ^ RES" 
married Charity Kingman Brett, and three more sons were i~ 

Calvin (1775) and David, Jr. (1778). „„,.,„_ ,_,<. benvm in the year 1760. That year, 

David Keith's most significant business venture was begun in the y 

with his youngest brother George as partner, ^t^^"^^^ father's home- 

l ? a S'S B I S , - ta Sr S^JK.^'SS P^cnasinglar^parcels of land in 
BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES S xee continuation sheet 

United States Federal Census Records, 1790-1880 

State of 'Massachusetts Census Records, 1855, 185d 

State of Massachusetts Tax Records, 1798 

Historical Maps of East Bridgewater: 1798, 1829, 1848, 1879, IBB/ 

Miner, Robert G. nm^i Architecture in Massac husetts, New YorK: Arrow Press/Crown 
Publisher?, 1977. 

Mitchell, Nahum, »^orv of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Boston: Kidder 
and Wright, 1840. 
D Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, you must attach a completed National 
Register Criteria Statement form. 

t 

' i try r 



INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Town 
East Bridqewater 



Property Address 

492 North Central Street 



Area(s) 


Form No. 







ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION (Cont'd) 

The home is all of post and beam construction, with exposed corner posts. Many of the 
original pegs, or "tree nails" can be easily visualized. The wide pine flooring is 
intact throughout! .the home and is a excellent condition. 

Although a fire in 1990 did some damage to the upstairs and roof , most of the 
split log purlins are still intact. The roof boards are vertical, and of a wide width. 
The main carrying beams are hand hewn and pegged in place. 

Having remained in the possession of the Keith family until 1888, the house has 
retained most of its original integrity. It is a very stately example of the Federal 
building style, and unigue to the West Village area. 



1/95 



3-(^4Jo 



INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Town Property Address 

East Bridaewater 492 North Central Str ee 

Area(s) Form No. 



HISTORICAL NARRATIVE (Cont'd) 

the Bridgewaters, as well as other blacksmith's shops and businesses. He would often 
place his brothers or cousins in charge of the businesses. The years of the Revolutionary 
War were extremely prosperous for David Keith, and in the years prior to 1785, he built 
a home which would reflect his success. 

The homestead parcel that David bought from his father, Joseph Keith, in 1759 was 
only 38 acres. In the years 1760-1772, David added not only the surrounding acreage his 
father had given or sold to his brothers, but adjoining lands from his neighbors to the 
south, north and west, adding almost 90 acres more to what would become his homestead. 

In 1793, David sells the easterly half of the homestead jointly to his eldest two 
sons, Levi and Zenas, retaining the westerly half for himself. Part of the dividing line 
between the two halves was what was then known as the "slitting mill road" (presently 
Ellis Lane and part of West Union Street). David's large house stood on the west side 
of the lane and his son Levi's was to the east of the lane. Son Zenas had inherited the 
"mill house", presently 325 West Union Street. 

David resided in this home with his wife Charity and son Calvin's family. The fourth 
son, David Jr. had a home across the street (presently 505 North Central Street). In 1801, 
David sold this home and its 63 acres of land to his two youngest sons, Calvin and David, Jr. 
still maintaining residence, but relieving himself of the responsibilities. 

By 1810, however, David, Jr. had sold the house and land across the street and moved 
into this home with his parents and older brother's family, bringing his wife and five 
children. It appears by record that this home was mortgaged to a Boston banker in March 
of 1810, although the reason for this is not known. David had retained a complete half 
share of the mill, allowing Levi and Zenas to operate and control the mill with their joint 
half share. 

With David's death in 1812, Calvin and David, Jr. were each left one-fourth of the 
mill, with some additional parcels of land in Beaver and West Bridgewater. Yet this still 
left the younger brothers struggling to survive and pay the balance on the mortgaged 
property. David, Jr. died early in 1813, and Calvin, unable to meet the demands of his 
creditors, had no choice but to allow the property to go to auction. 

On July 14, 1813, Calvin Keith signed over the deed to the westerly half of his father's 
homestead to the auction's highest bidders: his step-brothers, Levi and Zenas Keith. 
David Keith's two eldest sons now owned their father's entire homestead as well as his 
mill. They did, however, allow their stepmother, Charity to reside in the home until her 
death in 1819, at which time Levi and Zenas prepared a lengthy document dividing all their 
holdings into two equal halves, Levi .retaining the north and west sections, including this 
home, and Zenas the south and east parcels. 

Ten. years later, in 1829, David's original mill burned to the ground. By 1835, however, 
a larger, more modern mill was constructed just below the original site and incorporated 
as the Keith Iron Works, jointly owned and operated by Levi Keith and Sons and Zenas Keith 
and Sons. 

Levi Keith, who had been resident of this home since 1819, had married his cousin 
Huldah Keith in 1786. They had four children: Levi, Jr. (1786), Polly (1789-1809), 
Jemima (1790-1792), and Heman (1795). Levi, Jr. married Mehitabel Whitman in 1811, and 
Heman married Silvester Curtis in 1823. 

By 1840, however, due to low water conditions and poor business production in all of 
the Keiths' mills, financial difficulties became apparent. A large mortgage was taken 
on the mill and the homestead, with all property and buildings as collateral. In December 



1/95 



3~l£ 



INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET 

Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



Town Property Address 

East Bridgevater 492 North Central Street 

Area(s) Form No. 



J 



HISTORICAL NARRATIVE (Cont'd) 

of 1841, everything in possession of the Keiths went to auction to satisfy the final payment 
of that mortgage. The easterly half of the homestead was split up and divided. A cousin, 
Franklin Keith, purchased the home that had been Joseph Keith's original homestead house 
on the east side of the lane. David's large house and 42 acres went to Simeon Curtis, 
Levi's son Heman's father-in-law, and was returned to Levi Keith and Sons. The mill was 
lost, two- thirds of the homestead gone, but the Keiths still had this home. 

This home remains in Levi's possession until his death in 1849, then passed to his 
eldest son, Levi, Jr. until his death, when iz is then passed to Heman. After Heman's 
death in 1880, the house remains in the possession of his second wife, Dicy Shaw Keith 
who sells it to widow Bathsheba Keith late that same year. In turn, the widow passes the 
property to her two sons, Robert Curtis Keith and Simeon Curtis Keith, who farm the 42 
acre estate. In 1888, the two men finally sell this property out of the family to Emily 
and Walter Smellie. 

In January, 1891, the Smellies sell the property, called "Cinder Hill Farm", to Oscar 
Ellis, a farmer, and it remains in his possession until 1937, when his grandson sells the 
home and property. 

Since then, the home has had only seven owners, but the land has been sold off in parcels 
since 1942, leaving a little more than one acre. It has always remained a single family 
dwelling, but at times, due to its size, rooms have been^ let out. For aiany years in its 
most recent history, the current owners maintained a child care center in the rear ell. 



1/95 






INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Town 



Massachusetts Historical Commission 
Massachusetts Archives Building 
220 Morrissey Boulevard 
Boston, Massachusetts 02125 



E ast Bri dqewater 



Property Address 

492 North Central S r.rppt- 

Area(s) Form Nn 



BIBLIOGRAPHY (Cont'd) 

Allen, William, History of East Bridqewater, Massachusetts (from Hurd's History of Plymouth 
County ) , reprinted by the East Bridgewater Historical Commission, with permission, 1884. 

PLYMOUTH COUNTY LAND RECORDS: 



3260, 774 
2527, 271 
1978, 389 
1835, 488-489 
1823, 229 
1802, 286 
1789, 116-117 
1735, 403 
1269, 218-221 
612, 96 
559, 371-373 
463, 153 
266, 87 
206, 87 
204, 241-242 
206, 1 
137, 133 
124, 241 
113, 38 
94, 95 
92, 101 
75, 30 
75, 18 
75, 24 
52, 96-97 
30, 202-203 
27, 6-7 
15, 68-69 
15, 34 
11, 215 
7, 283 



1/95 



3- 



FORM B - BUILDING 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON, MA 02108 





< 



SKETCH MAP 

Show property's location in relation 
to nearest cross streets and/or 
geographical features. Indicate 
all buildings between inventoried 
property and nearest intersection. 



Indicate north 




N 

I 



Hast Sr/'^jsw^fe^ 

oric Name Hcmar* /Ve/^ 

: Present (-hcrr^y — dhilck C ClT? j 
Original HjQnr^ - -f-gy-yy\ 
'.SCRIPTION: 

J to IT 

Source ffrr.cYTJS OT l/l/hyy-Vf \jfo vi 
Style feAyrw] - V 3g//x?re. 

Architect 

Exterior wall fabric A/o uu ^\ i<£ / T> 9 * 
Outbuildings 



Jfv 



H* 



Major alterations (with dates) 
til fn vPzir 



^•^s+^F 






Moved 



Date 



Recorded by ffcUvq, L . XVv\>'-fa*%are 



Organization g , 8- U,- 5 T (%,v^;<rg; ^ 
Date AW^k, v //, /9<fpr 



Approx. acreage (5\/er qt> ^/Crg, 
Setting g n "hn^-l^gd S>f>&.<«^ 

art. YMos,,. /^^\^ H £^ 



S 



(Staple additional sheets here) 



3 



ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE (Describe important architectural features and / 
evaluate in terms of other buildings within the community.) 

fhi % 3 r'3 o-*& *~P a Very Aw feur- 5« K/*sr& recl&Yyzl 
hotszez ;»o "ho'vo^, There curt; fiouy- «f-w.i| &n» W^cyS ccf- 

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HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE (Explain the role owners played in local or state 

history 'and how the building relates to the development of the community.) 

Tki'* WctsS tfrYa,/ \naWy "H**- ha^ne. c-9 H^a^o^- lv &*+(**, 
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&e^op\*^ Who havi l\V^°<. Jn ~tf\&lr Viomt* ' v 

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